Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 654712, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/654712
Research Article

In Vitro Antiviral Activity of Circular Triple Helix Forming Oligonucleotide RNA towards Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus Replication

1Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 28 October 2013; Revised 2 January 2014; Accepted 14 January 2014; Published 20 February 2014

Academic Editor: Abdurrahman Saydut

Copyright © 2014 Oi Kuan Choong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Takano, C. Kawakami, S. Yamada, R. Satoh, and T. Hohdatsu, “Antibody-dependent enhancement occurs upon re-infection with the identical serotype virus in feline infectious peritonitis virus infection,” Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, vol. 70, no. 12, pp. 1315–1321, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Vennema, A. Poland, J. Foley, and N. C. Pedersen, “Feline infectious peritonitis viruses arise by mutation from endemic feline enteric coronaviruses,” Virology, vol. 243, no. 1, pp. 150–157, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. S. Hora, K. M. Asano, J. M. Guerra et al., “Intrahost diversity of feline coronavirus: a consensus between the circulating virulent/avirulent strains and the internal mutation hypotheses?” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2013, Article ID 572325, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. The European Advisory Board on Cat Diseases, 2012, http://www.abcd-vets.org/Pages/Home.aspx.
  5. R. C. Weiss and T. Oostrom-Ram, “Inhibitory effects of ribavirin alone or combined with human alpha interferon on feline infectious peritonitis virus replication in vitro,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 255–265, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Hartmann, “Feline infectious peritonitis,” Veterinary Clinics of North America, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 39–79, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. Hartmann and S. Ritz, “Treatment of cats with feline infectious peritonitis,” Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, vol. 123, no. 1-2, pp. 172–175, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Ishida, A. Shibanai, S. Tanaka, K. Uchida, and M. Mochizuki, “Use of recombinant feline interferon and glucocorticoid in the treatment of feline infectious peritonitis,” Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 107–109, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. G. Duval-Valentin, N. T. Thuong, and C. Helene, “Specific inhibition of transcription by triple helix-forming oligonucleotides,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 504–508, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Han and P. B. Dervan, “Sequence-specific recognition of double helical RNA and RNA·DNA by triple helix formation,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 90, no. 9, pp. 3806–3810, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Panakanti, A. Pratap, N. Yang, J. S. Jackson, and R. I. Mahato, “Triplex forming oligonucleotides against type α1(I) collagen attenuates liver fibrosis induced by bile duct ligation,” Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 80, no. 11, pp. 1718–1726, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Faria, C. D. Wood, L. Perrouault et al., “Targeted inhibition of transcription elongation in cells mediated by triplex-forming oligonucleotides,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 97, no. 8, pp. 3862–3867, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Giovannangeli, S. Diviacco, V. Labrousse, S. Gryaznov, P. Charneau, and C. Helene, “Accessibility of nuclear DNA to triplex-forming oligonucleotides: the integrated HIV-1 pro virus as a target,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 79–84, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Joseph, J. C. Kandala, D. Veerapanane, K. T. Weber, and R. V. Guntaka, “Antiparallel polypurine phosphorothioate oligonucleotides form stable triplexes with the rat α1(I) collagen gene promoter and inhibit transcription in cultured rat fibroblasts,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 2182–2188, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. M. McGuffie and C. V. Catapano, “Design of a novel triple helix-forming oligodeoxyribonucleotide directed to the major promoter of the c-myc gene,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 2701–2709, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y. Zhang, Y. Ma, H.-P. Lu et al., “Inhibition of human prostate cancer xenograft growth by 125I labeled triple-helin forming oligonucleotide directed against androgen receptor,” Chinese Medical Journal, vol. 121, no. 22, pp. 2284–2289, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. J. Reed and H. Muench, “A simple method of estimating fifty per cent endpoints,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 493–497, 1938. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. EMBL European Bioinformatics Institute, 2012, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/.
  19. D. C. Rio, M. Ares Jr., G. J. Hannon, and T. W. Nilsen, “Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of RNA,” Cold Spring Harbor Protocols, vol. 5, no. 6, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. A. P. M. Herrewegh, R. J. De Groot, A. Cepica, H. F. Egberink, M. C. Horzinek, and P. J. M. Rottier, “Detection of feline coronavirus RNA in feces, tissues, and body fluids of naturally infected cats by reverse transcriptase PCR,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 684–689, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. Mehrbod, A. Ideris, A. R. Omar et al., “Attenuation of influenza virus infectivity with herbal-marine compound (HESA-A): an in vitro study in MDCK cells,” Virology Journal, vol. 9, article 44, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Vo, S. Wang, and E. T. Kool, “Targeting pyrimidine single strands by tripler formation: structural optimization of binding,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 23, no. 15, pp. 2937–2944, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Floris, B. Scaggiante, G. Manzini, F. Quadrifoglio, and L. E. Xodo, “Effect of cations on purine·purine·pyrimidine triple helix formation in mixed-valence salt solutions,” European Journal of Biochemistry, vol. 260, no. 3, pp. 801–809, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. G. Sawicki, D. L. Sawicki, and S. G. Siddell, “A contemporary view of coronavirus transcription,” Journal of Virology, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 20–29, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. McDonagh, P. A. Sheehy, and J. M. Norris, “In vitro inhibition of feline coronavirus replication by small interfering RNAs,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 150, no. 3-4, pp. 220–229, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. O. Kim, E. Kim, Y. An et al., “A biodegradable polymersome containing Bcl-xL siRNA and doxorubicin as a dual delivery vehicle for a synergistic anticancer effect,” Macromolecular Bioscience, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 745–754, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  27. E. Van Hamme, H. L. Dewerchin, E. Cornelissen, and H. J. Nauwynck, “Attachment and internalization of feline infectious peritonitis virus in feline blood monocytes and Crandell feline kidney cells,” Journal of General Virology, vol. 88, no. 9, pp. 2527–2532, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. L. Dewerchin, E. Cornelissen, and H. J. Nauwynck, “Feline infectious peritonitis virus-infected monocytes internalize viral membrane-bound proteins upon antibody addition,” Journal of General Virology, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 1685–1690, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. V. Maksimenko, E. M. Volkov, J.-R. Bertrand et al., “Targeting of single-stranded DNA and RNA containing adjacent pyrimidine and purine tracts by triple helix formation with circular and clamp oligonucleotides,” European Journal of Biochemistry, vol. 267, no. 12, pp. 3592–3603, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. P. P. Chan and P. M. Glazer, “Triplex DNA: fundamentals, advances, and potential applications for gene therapy,” Journal of Molecular Medicine, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 267–282, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. M. Carbone, E. McGuffie, S. Napoli et al., “DNA binding and antigene activity of a daunomycin-conjugated triplex-forming oligonucleotide targeting the P2 promoter of the human c-myc gene,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 2396–2410, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. I. Chang, H. A. Kim, P. Dua, S. Kim, C. J. Li, and D.-K. Lee, “Structural diversity repertoire of gene silencing small interfering RNAs,” Nucleic Acid Therapeutics, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 125–131, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. P. Van Rij, M.-C. Saleh, B. Berry et al., “The RNA silencing endonuclease Argonaute 2 mediates specific antiviral immunity in Drosophila melanogaster,” Genes and Development, vol. 20, no. 21, pp. 2985–2995, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus