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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 691537, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/691537
Research Article

Fast Synthesis of Multilayer Carbon Nanotubes from Camphor Oil as an Energy Storage Material

1ChECA IKohza, Department of Environmental & Green Technology (EGT), Malaysia Japan International Institute of Technology (MJIIT), University Technology Malaysia (UTM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre (NANOCAT), IPS Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-Cho, Showa-Ku, Nagoya 466-8555, Japan
4NANO-SciTech Centre, Institute of Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 18 June 2014; Revised 29 July 2014; Accepted 31 July 2014; Published 2 September 2014

Academic Editor: Meisam Tabatabaei

Copyright © 2014 Amin TermehYousefi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Among the wide range of renewable energy sources, the ever-increasing demand for electricity storage represents an emerging challenge. Utilizing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for energy storage is closely being scrutinized due to the promising performance on top of their extraordinary features. In this work, well-aligned multilayer carbon nanotubes were successfully synthesized on a porous silicon (PSi) substrate in a fast process using renewable natural essential oil via chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Considering the influx of vaporized multilayer vertical carbon nanotubes (MVCNTs) to the PSi, the diameter distribution increased as the flow rate decreased in the reactor. Raman spectroscopy results indicated that the crystalline quality of the carbon nanotubes structure exhibits no major variation despite changes in the flow rate. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra confirmed the hexagonal structure of the carbon nanotubes because of the presence of a peak corresponding to the carbon double bond. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) images showed multilayer nanotubes, each with different diameters with long and straight multiwall tubes. Moreover, the temperature programmed desorption (TPD) method has been used to analyze the hydrogen storage properties of MVCNTs, which indicates that hydrogen adsorption sites exist on the synthesized multilayer CNTs.