BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Breast Stimulation in Low-Risk Primigravidas at Term: Does It Aid in Spontaneous Onset of Labour and Vaginal Delivery? A Pilot Study

Table 2

Maternal outcome.

No breast simulation
( = 99)
Breast simulation
( = 100)
valueOdds Ratio

Mean Bishops at start/38 weeks3.12 (±1.01)3.02 (±0.82)0.59
Mean bishops after 1 week3.9 (±1.08) 6.08 (±1.29) <0.0001
Change in Bishop score in 1 weekIncrease of 25%Increase of 101.3%0.0001
Gestational age at delivery (in weeks)39.5 (±2.3)39.2 (±2.8)0.044
Onset of labor
 Spontaneous84 (85.7%)92 (92%)0.3191.92
 Induced14 (14.3%)8 (8%)
Induction for postdatism6 (6.06%)2 (2%)0.163.16
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal delivery78 (79.6%)92 (92%)0.0462.95
 LSCS20 (20.4%)8 (8%)
LSCS for failed induction10 (10.1%)3 (3%)0.0563.63
Mean duration of labour (in hours)16.6 (±3.05)17.28 (±3.63)0.32
Hyperstimulation01 (2%)
Meconium stained Liqour3 (3.06%)4 (4%)0.780.75
Postpartum Hemorrhage3 (6.12%)0

Gestational age: period of gestation; LSCS: lower segment Cesarean section.

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