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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 728516, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/728516
Research Article

Presence of Leishmania and Brucella Species in the Golden Jackal Canis aureus in Serbia

1Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski Trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2Regional Laboratory of Public Health of Crete, Heraklion, 71110 Crete, Greece
3Laboratory for Medical Entomology, Department for Parasitology, Center of Excellence for Toxoplasmosis and Medical Entomology, Institute for Medical Research, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
4Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology, Parasitology, Zoonoses and Geographical Medicine, Medical School, University of Crete, P.O. BOX 1393, Heraklion, 71110 Crete, Greece

Received 20 February 2014; Accepted 9 May 2014; Published 22 May 2014

Academic Editor: Philippe Holzmuller

Copyright © 2014 Duško Ćirović et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The golden jackal Canis aureus occurs in south-eastern Europe, Asia, the Middle East, the Caucasus, and Africa. In Serbia, jackals neared extinction; however, during the last 30 years, the species started to spread quickly and to increase in number. Few studies in the past have revealed their potential role as carriers of zoonotic diseases. Animal samples were collected over a three-year period (01/2010–02/2013) from 12 sites all over Serbia. Of the tissue samples collected, spleen was chosen as the tissue to proceed; all samples were tested for Leishmania species and Brucella species by real-time PCR. Of the 216 samples collected, 15 (6.9%) were positive for Leishmania species, while four (1.9%) were positive for B. canis. The potential epidemiologic role of the golden jackal in carrying and dispersing zoonotic diseases in Serbia should be taken under consideration when applying surveillance monitoring schemes.