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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 767628, 8 pages
Review Article

The Female Pattern Hair Loss: Review of Etiopathogenesis and Diagnosis

Department of Dermatology, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Route de Lennik 808, Anderlecht, 1070 Brussels, Belgium

Received 11 November 2013; Accepted 14 January 2014; Published 9 April 2014

Academic Editor: Claudine Piérard-Franchimont

Copyright © 2014 Anja Vujovic and Véronique Del Marmol. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is the most common hair loss disorder in women. Initial signs may develop during teenage years leading to a progressive hair loss with a characteristic pattern distribution. The condition is characterized by progressive replacement of terminal hair follicles over the frontal and vertex regions by miniaturized follicles, that leads progressively to a visible reduction in hair density. Women diagnosed with FPHL may undergo significant impairment of quality of life. FPHL diagnosis is mostly clinical. Depending on patient history and clinical evaluation, further diagnostic testing may be useful. The purpose of the paper is to review the current knowledge about epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of FPHL.