Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 797603, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/797603
Research Article

Comparison of the Health Implications on the Use of As and Cd Contaminated Water Supply between Urban and Rural Communities

1Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 13 February 2014; Revised 15 June 2014; Accepted 14 September 2014; Published 4 November 2014

Academic Editor: How-Ran Guo

Copyright © 2014 H. Zailina et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. H. Morales, L. Ryan, T.-L. Kuo, M.-M. Wu, and C.-J. Chen, “Risk of internal cancers from arsenic in drinking water,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 108, no. 7, pp. 655–661, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Trzcinka-Ochocka, M. Jakubowski, G. Razniewska, T. Halatek, and A. Gazewski, “The effects of environmental cadmium exposure on kidney function: the possible influence of age,” Environmental Research, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 143–150, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W. Zhang, Y. Cai, C. Tu, and L. Q. Ma, “Arsenic speciation and distribution in an arsenic hyperaccumulating plant,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 300, no. 1–3, pp. 167–177, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. W. C. Prozialeck and J. R. Edwards, “Mechanisms of cadmium-induced proximal tubule injury: new insights with implications for biomonitoring and therapeutic interventions,” Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 343, no. 1, pp. 2–12, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH), Ground Water Quality Monitoring, 2009, http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-47294-18009-3/4?satitle=pejabat+kesihatan+perak.
  6. G. W. Snedecor and W. G. Cochran, Statistical Methods, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA, 1967.
  7. A. Basu, A. Som, S. Ghoshal et al., “Assessment of DNA damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes of individuals susceptible to arsenic induced toxicity in West Bengal, India,” Toxicology Letters, vol. 159, no. 1, pp. 100–112, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. P. Singh, M. T. McCoy, R. R. Tice, and E. L. Schneider, “A simple technique for quantitation of low levels of DNA damage in individual cells,” Experimental Cell Research, vol. 175, no. 1, pp. 184–191, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Jin, G. Nordberg, X. Wu et al., “Urinary N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase isoenzymes as biomarker of renal dysfunction caused by cadmium in a general population,” Environmental Research, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 167–173, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. W. Noonan, S. M. Sarasua, D. Campagna, S. J. Kathman, J. A. Lybarger, and P. W. Mueller, “Effects of exposure to low levels of environmental cadmium on renal biomarkers,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 110, no. 2, pp. 151–155, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Jin, M. Nordberg, W. Frech et al., “Cadmium biomonitoring and renal dysfunction among a population environmentally exposed to cadmium from smelting in China,” BioMetals, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 397–410, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Godt, F. Scheidig, C. Grosse-Siestrup et al., “The toxicity of cadmium and resulting hazards for human health,” Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, vol. 1, no. 1, article 22, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Rahman, M. Tondel, S. A. Ahmad, and O. Axelson, “Diabetes mellitus associated with arsenic exposure in Bangladesh,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 148, no. 2, pp. 198–203, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  14. A. S. Andrew, M. R. Karagas, and J. W. Hamilton, “Decreased DNA repair gene expression among individuals exposed to arsenic in United States drinking water,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 263–268, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus