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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 867131, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/867131
Research Article

Increased Stem Cell Marker Expressions during the Peri-Implantation Period in the Rat Endometrium: Constructive Role of Exogenous Zinc and/or Progesterone

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, 35170 Izmir, Turkey
2Department of Histology and Embryology, Medicine Faculty, Ege University, 35040 Izmir, Turkey
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medicine Faculty, Ege University, 35040 Izmir, Turkey
4Department of Biochemistry, Medicine Faculty, Ege University, 35040 Izmir, Turkey

Received 27 February 2014; Revised 5 May 2014; Accepted 6 May 2014; Published 26 May 2014

Academic Editor: Dong-Wook Han

Copyright © 2014 Cagdas Sahin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of zinc and/or progesterone via the expression of αvβ5 integrins and Vitronectins and embryonic stem cell markers during the peri-implantation period. Methods. Four experimental groups were organized. All subjects were mated with males of the same strain to induce pregnancy; after 5 days, zinc and/or progesterone were administered. Blood levels of zinc and progesterone were determined on the sixth day and endometrial tissues were obtained in order to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of integrins and embryonic stem cell markers. Results. The αvβ5 integrin and vitronectin expression increased in the zinc group compared with the control group and no difference in the progesterone group and zinc + progesterone group. Expression of Klf-4, Sox-2, and c-Myc was found to be increased in the zinc group compared to controls, while no difference was determined between the progesterone, zinc + progesterone, and control groups. Distinctively, expression of the embryonic stem cell marker Oct-4 was increased in all of the experimental groups. Conclusions. Expression of αvβ5 integrin, vitronectin, and embryonic stem cell markers might be increased by the administration of zinc. Our results suggest that zinc could be useful in the induction of implantation rates.