Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 901341, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/901341
Research Article

Back Pain in Poland and Germany: A Survey of Prevalence and Association with Demographic Characters

1Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, School of Medicine, Johannes Gutenberg University, Duesbergweg 6, 55128 Mainz, Germany
2Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Ulica Stawki 5/7, 00-183 Warsaw, Poland

Received 18 February 2014; Revised 17 June 2014; Accepted 17 June 2014; Published 1 July 2014

Academic Editor: Sebastian Straube

Copyright © 2014 Lea Henn et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Back pain is the most common form of pain and leads to high costs in all medical care systems. Objective. The present study examines the prevalence of back pain and its associations with some basic demographics. Methods. Two samples from Poland and Germany (about each) were examined via Internet regarding back pain, gender, age, and body mass index (BMI). Results. Back pain is more common in women than in men (risk ratio about 1.7), and a high BMI constitutes an additional risk factor. Age was not related to back pain prevalence. Conclusion. Congruent results in two countries based on the same measure of back pain lead to the assumption that much of the variety found in estimates of back pain are due to inconsistent assessment. For future research, a definition of common criteria on how to assess back pain would be an asset.