BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

A Biopsychosocial Profile of Adult Canadians with and without Chronic Back Disorders: A Population-Based Analysis of the 2009-2010 Canadian Community Health Surveys

Table 2

Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics of adult Canadians with and without CBD.

ProportionsUnadjusted odds ratio
With CBD Without CBD value (chi-square)OR (95% CI) value

Age<0.001
 18–3416.7%31.8%Reference category
 35–4928.0%28.6%1.87 (1.72–2.02)<0.001
 50–6433.1%24.0%2.63 (2.44–2.83)<0.001
 65+22.3%15.6%2.71 (2.53–2.91)<0.001
Sex0.005
 Female52.2%50.5%Reference category
 Male47.8%49.5%0.93 (0.88–0.98)0.005
Education<0.001
 Less than secondary19.2%13.6%Reference category
 Secondary graduation16.5%17.2%0.68 (0.63–0.74)<0.001
 Some postsecondary7.4%8.5%0.62 (0.56–0.70)<0.001
 Postsecondary graduation56.9%60.7%0.66 (0.62–0.71)<0.001
Income quintile<0.001
 124.2%18.6%Reference category
 221.3%19.7%0.83 (0.76–0.90)<0.001
 318.9%20.2%0.72 (0.66–0.78)<0.001
 417.2%20.7%0.63 (0.58–0.69)<0.001
 518.4%20.8%0.68 (0.62–0.74)<0.001
MIZ<0.001
 Urban/metropolitan 81.1%83.8%Reference category
 Rural strongly influenced3.8%3.9%1.02 (0.91–1.14)0.749
 Rural moderately influenced7.6%6.2%1.26 (1.16–1.37)<0.001
 Rural weak/uninfluenced + territories7.5%6.1%1.28 (1.20–1.37)<0.001
Ethnicity<0.001
 Caucasian84.0%79.9%Reference category
 Aboriginal4.2%2.7%1.46 (1.30–1.65)<0.001
 Other11.8%17.3%0.64 (0.58–0.71)<0.001
Marital status<0.001
 Single16.3%24.6%Reference category
 Married + common law65.7%63.3%1.57 (1.47–1.67)<0.001
 Widowed + separated +
divorced
18.0%12.0%2.27 (2.09–2.46)<0.001
Smoking status<0.001
 Never smoked30.7%40.4%Reference category
 Former smoker42.8%39.1%1.44 (1.35–1.53)<0.001
 Current smoker26.5%20.5%1.70 (1.58–1.82)<0.001
BMI<0.001
 Underweight/normal40.1%50.1%Reference category
 Overweight36.8%33.2%1.38 (1.30–1.47)<0.001
 Obese23.1%16.7%1.72 (1.61–1.84)<0.001
Number of comorbidities<0.001
 None27.5%55.9%Reference category
 1-246.7%36.3%2.62 (2.46–2.79)<0.001
 3+25.8%7.9%6.67 (6.20–7.16)<0.001
Arthritis<0.001
 No63.4%88.6%Reference category
 Yes36.6%11.4%4.48 (4.24–4.74)<0.001
High BP<0.001
 No73.6%83.4%Reference category
 Yes26.4%16.6%1.80 (1.70–1.91)<0.001
Migraines<0.001
 No81.7%91.7%Reference category
 Yes18.3%8.3%2.47 (2.30–2.66)<0.001
Asthma<0.001
 No87.3%93.2%Reference category
 Yes12.7%6.8%2.01 (1.85–2.19)<0.001
Mood disorders<0.001
 No86.9%94.7%Reference category
 Yes13.1%5.3%2.73 (2.52–2.95)<0.001
Physical activity-transportation and leisure<0.001
 Active22.3%28.0%Reference category
 Moderately active23.3%26.2%1.11 (1.04–1.21)0.008
 Inactive54.3%45.8%1.48 (1.39–1.58)<0.001
Sedentary activity <0.001
 0 to 14 hours21.9%25.2%Reference category
 15 to 24 hours29.2%31.6%1.06 (0.911.25)0.433
 25 to 39 hours29.6%27.4%1.24 (1.07–1.45)0.005
 40 or more hours19.3%15.9%1.40 (1.18–1.66)<0.001
Perceived disability<0.001
 No pain or discomfort53.5%88.7%Reference category
 Pain prevents no activities9.5%3.8%4.12 (3.73–4.55)<0.001
 Pain prevents a few activities14.2%3.7%6.40 (5.84–7.01)<0.001
 Pain prevents some activities12.7%2.3%9.03 (8.17–9.98)<0.001
 Pain prevents most activities10.0%1.5%11.32 (9.99–12.82)<0.001
Depression scale predicted probability<0.001
 <0.990.5%95.5%Reference category
0.99.5%4.5%2.24 (1.97–2.56)<0.001
Self-rated stress<0.001
 Not at all/not very28.0%35.9%Reference category
 A bit41.0%42.2%1.25 (1.18–1.32)<0.001
 Quite a bit/extremely31.1%21.9%1.83 (1.71–1.95)<0.001
Self-rated mental health<0.001
 Excellent/very good62.2%76.5%Reference category
 Good27.4%19.4%1.74 (1.64–1.85)<0.001
 Fair/poor10.3%4.1%3.08 (2.82–3.38)<0.001
Self-rated overall health<0.001
 Excellent/very good41.1%64.1%Reference category
 Good34.1%27.1%1.96 (1.85–2.08)<0.001
 Fair/poor24.8%8.7%4.43 (4.12–4.75)<0.001
Self-rated work stress<0.001
 Not at all/not very22.8%29.0%Reference category
 A bit39.2%42.2%1.18 (1.08–1.29)<0.001
 Quite a bit/extremely38.1%28.8%1.68 (1.53–1.84)<0.001

MIZ: metropolitan influenced zone; BMI: Body Mass Index; BP: blood pressure.

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