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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 126417, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/126417
Research Article

The Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus between the Neonates and Their Mothers

1Department of Obstetrics and Pathology of Pregnancy, Medical University of Lublin, 20059 Lublin, Poland
2Department of Molecular Virology, Institute of Experimental Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, 61712 Poznań, Poland

Received 20 August 2015; Revised 3 November 2015; Accepted 19 November 2015

Academic Editor: Adriana M. Vieira

Copyright © 2015 Mariusz Skoczyński et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection on pregnancy is a major problem of medicine. The transmission of the virus from mother to fetus is a process yet unresolved. The immune response and changed hormonal status of pregnant women might facilitate infection. A research on the prevalence of HPV infection was conducted at the Clinic of Obstetrics, Medical University of Lublin (Poland). The studied group included 152 randomly selected women. The material was tested for the presence of HPV DNA by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The aim of the research was to assess the relation between HPV infections detected in the buccal smears of the neonates and the incidence of such infections in the cervical/buccal smears of their mothers. In the group of 152 infants HPV was found in 16 (10.53%). Among the cervical/buccal smears, HPV was isolated, respectively, in 24 (15.79%) and in 19 (12.5%) pregnant women. Statistically significant differences in the prevalence of HPV swabs from the newborns and the cervical/buccal smears of their mothers were found (p < 0.001). The identification of mothers in whose buccal smears HPV was detected can help develop a group of children who run a relatively significant risk of being infected.