Table 2: Comparisons of demographic characteristics between comparison and MAE groups.

Comparison group MAE group
Variables() () value
%M ± SD%M ± SD

Age2651.9 ± 11.94153.2 ± 10.3−0.51b0.61
Marital status1.20a0.59
 Unmarried 415.4 3 7.3
 Married1765.42868.3
 Others 519.21024.4
Educational level1.77a0.40
 Elementary 624.01536.5
 High school1144.01843.9
 College, above 832.0 819.5
Diagnosed depression1.31a0.52
 None26100.03995.1
 Yes 0 0 2 4.9
Smoking1.60a0.39
 None2596.241100.0
 Yes 13.8 00
Alcohol use0.01a1.0
 None2388.53687.8
 Yes 311.5 512.2
Chronic illness0.06a1.0
 None1038.51741.5
 Yes1661.52458.5
Employed status0.78a0.44
 None1869.22458.5
 Yes 830.81741.5
Menopause0.16a0.80
 None1350.02255.0
 Yes1350.01845.0
Hormone therapy0.73a0.47
 None2492.33585.4
 Yes 27.7614.6
Perceived health 65.2 ± 16.161.4 ± 20.30.79b0.43
Height (cm)155.7 ± 6.0157.4 ± 6.5−1.07b0.29
Weight (Kg)58.8 ± 10.463.1 ± 12.6−1.44b0.16

: chi-square values analyzed by using chi-square test. Fisher’s exact test was used when the expected value was less than 5. : values analyzed by using -test.