Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 145903, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/145903
Research Article

Improvement of Starch Digestion Using α-Amylase Entrapped in Pectin-Polyvinyl Alcohol Blend

1Departamento de Química, Instituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia de Goiás, 76400-000 Uruaçu, GO, Brazil
2Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Laboratório de Química de Polímeros, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Caixa Postal 131, 74001-970 Goiânia, GO, Brazil
3Departamento de Ciências Fisiológicas, Laboratório de Fisiologia da Digestão, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Caixa Postal 131, 74001-970 Goiânia, GO, Brazil
4Laboratório de Biotecnologia, Unidade Universitária de Ciências Exatas e Tecnológicas, Universidade Estadual de Goiás, 75.132-903 Anápolis, GO, Brazil

Received 22 December 2014; Revised 21 March 2015; Accepted 22 March 2015

Academic Editor: Zheng Guo

Copyright © 2015 Maurício Cruz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. J. Tien and B. H. Chiang, “Immobilization of α-amylase on a zirconium dynamic membrane,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 35, no. 3-4, pp. 377–383, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Kaur, N. Kaur, and A. K. Gupta, “Structural features, substrate specificity, kinetic properties of insect α-amylase and specificity of plant α-amylase inhibitors,” Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, vol. 116, pp. 83–93, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. G. B. Huntington, D. L. Harmon, and C. J. Richards, “Sites, rates, and limits of starch digestion and glucose metabolism in growing cattle,” Journal of Animal Science, vol. 84, pp. E14–E24, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. O. A. Turgeon, J. R. D. R. Brink, and R. A. Britton, “Corn particle size mixtures, roughage level and starch utilization in finishing steer diets,” Journal of Animal Science, vol. 57, pp. 739–749, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  5. K. Deckardt, A. Khol-Parisini, and Q. Zebeli, “Peculiarities of enhancing resistant starch in ruminants using chemical methods: opportunities and challenges,” Nutrients, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1970–1988, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. Taqieddin and M. Amiji, “Enzyme immobilization in novel alginate-chitosan core-shell microcapsules,” Biomaterials, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 1937–1945, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. A. Batista, F. M. Lopes, F. Yamashita, and K. F. Fernandes, “Lipase entrapment in PVA/Chitosan biodegradable film for reactor coatings,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 1696–1701, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. M. Silva, P. O. Santiago, L. L. A. Purcena, and K. F. Fernandes, “Study of the cashew gum polysaccharide for the horseradish peroxidase immobilization—structural characteristics, stability and recovery,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 526–530, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. G. Sankalia, R. C. Mashru, J. M. Sankalia, and V. B. Sutariya, “Reversed chitosan-alginate polyelectrolyte complex for stability improvement of alpha-amylase: optimization and physicochemical characterization,” European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 215–232, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. M. Sanchez and M. A. Perillo, “α-Amylase kinetic parameters modulation by lecithin vesicles: binding versus entrapment,” Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 31–40, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Berger, M. Reist, J. M. Mayer, O. Felt, and R. Gurny, “Structure and interactions in chitosan hydrogels formed by complexation or aggregation for biomedical applications,” European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 35–52, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Rakhshaee and M. Panahandeh, “Stabilization of a magnetic nano-adsorbent by extracted pectin to remove methylene blue from aqueous solution: a comparative studying between two kinds of cross-likened pectin,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 189, no. 1-2, pp. 158–166, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. O. A. C. Monteiro Jr. and C. Airoldi, “Some studies of crosslinking chitosan-glutaraldehyde interaction in a homogeneous system,” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 26, no. 2-3, pp. 119–128, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. F. Torralbo, K. A. Batista, M. C. B. Di-Medeiros, and K. F. Fernandes, “Extraction and partial characterization of Solanum lycocarpum pectin,” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 378–383, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. A. Batista, G. L. A. Batista, G. L. Alves, and K. F. Fernandes, “Extraction, partial purification and characterization of polyphenol oxidase from Solanum lycocarpum fruits,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, vol. 102, pp. 211–217, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. L. Seixas, D. L. Fukuda, F. R. B. Turbiani et al., “Extraction of pectin from passion fruit peel (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa) by microwave-induced heating,” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 38, pp. 189–192, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Wikiera, M. Mika, A. Starzyńska-Janiszewska, and B. Stodolak, “Development of complete hydrolysis of pectins from apple pomace,” Food Chemistry, vol. 172, pp. 675–680, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM), Annual Book of ASTM Standards, American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM), Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1995.
  19. N. Gontard, S. Guilbert, and J. Cuq, “Edible wheat gluten films: influence of the main process variables on film properties using response surface methodology,” Journal of Food Science, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 190–195, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. P. Bernfeld, “α and β-amylases,” Methods in Ezymology, vol. 1, pp. 149–158, 1955. View at Google Scholar
  21. D. I. Bezbradica, C. Mateo, and J. M. Guisan, “Novel support for enzyme immobilization prepared by chemical activation with cysteine and glutaraldehyde,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, vol. 102, pp. 218–224, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E. M. Lamas, R. M. Barros, V. M. Balcão, and F. X. Malcata, “Hydrolysis of whey proteins by proteases extracted from Cynara cardunculus and immobilized onto highly activated supports,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 28, no. 7-8, pp. 642–652, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. M. Barros Rui, C. I. Extremina, I. C. Gonçalves, B. O. Braga, V. M. Balcão, and F. X. Malcata, “Hydrolysis of α-lactalbumin by cardosin A immobilized on highly activated supports,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 908–916, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. G. J. Voragen, G.-J. Coenen, R. P. Verhoef, and H. A. Schols, “Pectin, a versatile polysaccharide present in plant cell walls,” Structural Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 263–275, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. J. P. Espitia, W.-X. Du, R. D. J. Avena-Bustillos, N. D. F. F. Soares, and T. H. McHugh, “Edible films from pectin: physical-mechanical and antimicrobial properties—a review,” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 35, pp. 287–296, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. B. Ş. Kayserilioğlu, U. Bakir, L. Yilmaz, and N. Akkaş, “Use of xylan, an agricultural by-product, in wheat gluten based biodegradable films: Mechanical, solubility and water vapor transfer rate properties,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 239–246, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. S. Costa-Júnior, E. F. Barbosa-Stancioli, A. A. P. Mansur, W. L. Vasconcelos, and H. S. Mansur, “Preparation and characterization of chitosan/poly(vinyl alcohol) chemically crosslinked blends for biomedical applications,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 472–481, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. González, M. C. Strumia, and C. I. Alvarez Igarzabal, “Cross-linked soy protein as material for biodegradable films: synthesis, characterization and biodegradation,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 331–338, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. B. de Pauli, L. B. Quast, I. M. Demiate, and L. S. Sakanaka, “Production and characterization of oxidized cassava starch (Manihot esculenta Crantz) biodegradable films,” Starch, vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 595–603, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. C. K. Bierhalz, M. A. da Silva, and T. G. Kieckbusch, “Natamycin release from alginate/pectin films for food packaging applications,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 18–25, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H. J. Kang, C. Jo, N. Y. Lee, J. H. Kwon, and M. W. Byun, “A combination of gamma irradiation and CaCl2 immersion for a pectin-based biodegradable film,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 547–551, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Galus and A. Lenart, “Development and characterization of composite edible films based on sodium alginate and pectin,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 115, no. 4, pp. 459–465, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. L. Thomason, M. A. Vlug, G. Schipper, and H. G. L. T. Krikor, “Influence of fibre length and concentration on the properties of glass fibre-reinforced polypropylene: part 3. Strength and strain at failure,” Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 1075–1084, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. F. M. B. Coutinho, I. L. Mello, and L. C. Santa-Maria, “Polietileno: principais tipos, propriedades e aplicações,” Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia, vol. 13, pp. 1–13, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  35. J. E. Nocek, “Bovine acidosis: implications on laminitis,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 80, no. 5, pp. 1005–1028, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus