Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 197196, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/197196
Research Article

Bioconcentration and Acute Intoxication of Brazilian Freshwater Fishes by the Methyl Parathion Organophosphate Pesticide

1Universidade Estadual da Zona Oeste, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2Laboratório de Comunicação Celular, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Avenue Brasil 4365, Manguinhos, 21045-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
3Setor de Bioquímica, Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ, Brazil
4Department of Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, USA
5Laboratório de Ecotoxicologia e Microbiologia Ambiental (LEMAM), Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Fluminense, Cabo Frio, RJ, Brazil
6Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Received 14 November 2014; Accepted 26 February 2015

Academic Editor: Sunil Kumar

Copyright © 2015 João Bosco de Salles et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. Barbieri and L. A. A. Ferreira, “Effects of the organophosphate pesticide Folidol 600 on the freshwater fish, Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus),” Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, vol. 99, no. 3, pp. 209–214, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. H. de Aguiar, G. Moraes, I. M. Avilez, A. E. Altran, and C. F. Corrêa, “Metabolical effects of Folidol 600 on the neotropical freshwater fish matrinxã, Brycon cephalus,” Environmental Research, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 224–230, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Hernández-Moreno, M. Pérez-López, F. Soler, C. Gravato, and L. Guilhermino, “Effects of carbofuran on the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): study of biomarkers and behaviour alterations,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 74, no. 7, pp. 1905–1912, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. R. D. Assis, A. G. Linhares, V. M. Oliveira et al., “Comparative effect of pesticides on brain acetylcholinesterase in tropical fish,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 441, pp. 141–150, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. G. Sultatos, “Mammalian toxicology of organophosphorus pesticides,” Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 271–289, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. O. Arellano-Aguilar and C. M. Garcia, “Effects of methyl parathion exposure on development and reproduction in the viviparous fish girardinichthys multiradiatus,” Environmental Toxicology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 178–186, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Y. de la Vega Salazar, L. Martínez Tabche, and C. MacÍas García, “Bioaccumulation of methyl parathion and its toxicology in several species of the freshwater community in Ignacio Ryamirez dam in Mexico,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 53–62, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. E. Chambers and H. W. Chambers, “Biotransformation of organophosphorous insecticides in mammals,” in Pesticide Transformation Products: Fate and Significance in the Environment, L. Somasundaram and J. R. Coats, Eds., pp. 32–42, American Chemistry Society, Washington, DC, USA, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  9. B. N. LaDu, “Human serum paraoxonase/arylesterase,” in Pharmacogenetics of Drug Metabolism. Pergamon, W. Kalow, Ed., pp. 51–91, Pergamon, New York, NY, USA, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  10. K. Dembéle, E. Haubruge, and C. Gaspar, “Concentration effects of selected insecticides on brain acetylcholinesterase in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.),” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 49–54, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. K. Patil and M. David, “Oxidative stress in freshwater fish, Labeo rohita as a biomarker of malathion exposure,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 185, no. 12, pp. 10191–10199, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Jokanović, “Current understanding of the mechanisms involved in metabolic detoxification of warfare nerve agents,” Toxicology Letters, vol. 188, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. M. Lopes, M. V. S. Filho, J. B. de Salles, V. L. F. C. Bastos, and J. C. Bastos, “Cholinesterase activity of muscle tissue from freshwater fishes: characterization and sensitivity analysis to the organophosphate methyl-paraoxon,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 1331–1336, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. L. Ellman, K. D. Courtney, V. Andres Jr., and R. M. Featherstone, “A new and rapid colorimetric determination of acetylcholinesterase activity,” Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 88–95, 1961. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. V. S. Filho, M. M. Oliveira, J. B. Salles, V. L. F. C. Bastos, V. P. F. Cassano, and J. C. Bastos, “Methyl-paraoxon comparative inhibition kinetics for acetylcholinesterases from brain of neotropical fishes,” Toxicology Letters, vol. 153, no. 2, pp. 247–254, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. R. Kemp and K. B. Wallace, “Molecular determinants of the species-selective inhibition of brain acetylcholinesterase,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 246–258, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Halpert, D. Hammond, and R. A. Neal, “Inactivation of purified rat liver cytochrome P-450 during the metabolism of parathion (diethyl p-nitrophenyl phosphorothionate),” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 255, no. 3, pp. 1080–1089, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. J. Norman, R. E. Poore, and R. A. Neal, “Studies of the binding of sulfur released in the mixed-function oxidase-catalyzed metabolism of diethyl p-nitrophenyl phosphorothionate(parathion) to diethyl p-nitrophenyl phosphate (paraoxon),” Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 1733–1744, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Abbas, I. R. Schultz, S. Doddapaneni, and W. L. Hayton, “Toxicokinetics of parathion and paraoxon in rainbow trout after intravascular administration and water exposure,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. 194–199, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. V. L. F. Cunha Bastos, A. Rossini, L. F. Ribeiro Pinto et al., “Different sensitivities to paraoxon of brain and serum cholinesterases from pacu, an indigenous Brazilian fish,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. S. Boone and U. E. Chambers, “Time course of inhibition of cholinesterase and aliesterase activities, and nonprotein sulfhydryl levels following exposure to organophosphorus insecticides in mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis),” Fundamental and Applied Toxicology, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 202–207, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. H. Walker, “The use of biomarkers to measure the interactive effects of chemicals,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 40, no. 1-2, pp. 65–70, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. S. Boone and J. E. Chambers, “Biochemical factors contributing to toxicity differences among chlorpyrifos, parthion, and methyl parathion in mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis),” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 39, no. 3-4, pp. 333–343, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Blasiak, “Allosteric inhibition of the (Na+ + K+)-ATPase by parathion and methylparathion,” Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 40–47, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus