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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 201939, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/201939
Research Article

Lynx: Automatic Elderly Behavior Prediction in Home Telecare

1Department of Systems Engineering and Automatic Control, University College of Engineering of Vitoria, Basque Country University (UPV/EHU), Nieves Cano 12, 01006 Vitoria, Spain
2Computational Intelligence Group, Faculty of Informatics, Basque Country University (UPV/EHU), Paseo Manuel de Lardizabal 1, 20018 San Sebastian, Spain
3Instituto Ibermática de Innovación, Sistemas Inteligentes de Control y Gestión Parque Tecnológico de Álava Leonardo Da Vinci, 9 – 2° Edificio E5, Miñano, 01510 Álava, Spain
4Department of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, Faculty of Informatics, Basque Country University (UPV/EHU), Paseo Manuel de Lardizabal 1, 20018 San Sebastian, Spain
5ENGINE Centre, Wrocław University of Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland

Received 2 August 2015; Revised 21 October 2015; Accepted 22 October 2015

Academic Editor: Peter Krustrup

Copyright © 2015 Jose Manuel Lopez-Guede et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper introduces Lynx, an intelligent system for personal safety at home environments, oriented to elderly people living independently, which encompasses a decision support machine for automatic home risk prevention, tested in real-life environments to respond to real time situations. The automatic system described in this paper prevents such risks by an advanced analytic methods supported by an expert knowledge system. It is minimally intrusive, using plug-and-play sensors and machine learning algorithms to learn the elder’s daily activity taking into account even his health records. If the system detects that something unusual happens (in a wide sense) or if something is wrong relative to the user’s health habits or medical recommendations, it sends at real-time alarm to the family, care center, or medical agents, without human intervention. The system feeds on information from sensors deployed in the home and knowledge of subject physical activities, which can be collected by mobile applications and enriched by personalized health information from clinical reports encoded in the system. The system usability and reliability have been tested in real-life conditions, with an accuracy larger than 81%.