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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 256340, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/256340
Clinical Study

Temporal Auditory Processing and Phonological Awareness in Children with Benign Epilepsy with Centrotemporal Spikes

1Child and Adolescent Health Program, Center for Investigation in Pediatrics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas (FCM/UNICAMP), Tessália Vieira de Camargo 126, 13083-887 Campinas, SP, Brazil
2Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas (FCM/UNICAMP), Tessália Vieira de Camargo 126, 13083-887 Campinas, SP, Brazil
3Department of Human Development and Rehabilitation (CEPRE), Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas (FCM/UNICAMP), Rua Tessália Vieira de Camargo 126, 6111 Cidade Universitária “Zeferino Vaz”, 13083-887 Campinas, SP, Brazil

Received 17 July 2014; Revised 30 September 2014; Accepted 1 October 2014

Academic Editor: Adriana Modesto Vieira

Copyright © 2015 M. I. R. Amaral et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this research was to analyze temporal auditory processing and phonological awareness in school-age children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS). Patient group (GI) consisted of 13 children diagnosed with BECTS. Control group (GII) consisted of 17 healthy children. After neurological and peripheral audiological assessment, children underwent a behavioral auditory evaluation and phonological awareness assessment. The procedures applied were: Gaps-in-Noise test (GIN), Duration Pattern test, and Phonological Awareness test (PCF). Results were compared between the groups and a correlation analysis was performed between temporal tasks and phonological awareness performance. GII performed significantly better than the children with BECTS (GI) in both GIN and Duration Pattern test (). GI performed significantly worse in all of the 4 categories of phonological awareness assessed: syllabic (), phonemic (), rhyme () and alliteration (). Statistical analysis showed a significant positive correlation between the phonological awareness assessment and Duration Pattern test (). From the analysis of the results, it was concluded that children with BECTS may have difficulties in temporal resolution, temporal ordering, and phonological awareness skills. A correlation was observed between auditory temporal processing and phonological awareness in the suited sample.