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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 294197, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/294197
Research Article

Understanding the Correlation between Tomographic and Biomechanical Severity of Keratoconic Corneas

1Cornea and Refractive Surgery, Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore 560010, India
2Cornea Clinic, Department of Ophthalmology, Maastricht University Medical Center, 6211 LK Maastricht, The Netherlands
3Imaging, Biomechanics and Mathematical Modeling Solutions, Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore 560099, India

Received 31 May 2014; Revised 14 October 2014; Accepted 15 October 2014

Academic Editor: George Asimellis

Copyright © 2015 Rohit Shetty et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To evaluate correlation between tomographic gradation of keratoconus (KC) and its corresponding air-puff induced biomechanical response. Methods. Corneal tomography and biomechanics were measured with Scheimpflug imaging in 44 normal and 92 KC corneas. Deformation waveform was also analyzed with Fourier series. A custom KC severity scale was used from 1 to 3 with 3 as the most severe grade. Tomographic and biomechanical variables were assessed among the grades. Sensitivity and specificity of the variables were assessed using receiver operating characteristics (ROC). Results. Curvature variables were significantly different between normal and disease () and among grades (). Biomechanical variables were significantly different between normal and disease ( ) but similar among grades 1 and 2 (). All variables had an area under the ROC curve greater than 0.5. The root mean square of the Fourier cosine coefficients had the best ROC (0.92, cut-off: 0.027, sensitivity: 83%, specificity: 88.6%). Spearman correlation coefficient was significant between most variables (). However, tomographic segregation of keratoconus did not result in concomitant biomechanical segregation of the grades. Conclusions. There was lack of significant biomechanical difference between mild disease grades, despite progressive corneal thinning. Mathematical models that estimate corneal modulus from air-puff deformation may be more useful.