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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 313692, 9 pages
Review Article

The Epidemiology of Tobacco Use among Khat Users: A Systematic Review

1Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry and Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 2AT, UK
2Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Imperial College London, London W6 8RP, UK
3Academic Unit of Primary Care and Population Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
4Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
5Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Received 19 January 2015; Accepted 30 April 2015

Academic Editor: Satoshi Maruyama

Copyright © 2015 Saba Kassim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [12 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Saba Kassim, and Mustafa Al'absi, “Khat use is a neglected addictive behaviour,” Addiction, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Motohiro Nakajima, Anisa Dokam, Najat Saem Khalil, Mohammed Alsoofi, and Mustafa al'Absi, “Correlates of Concurrent Khat and Tobacco Use in Yemen,” Substance Use & Misuse, pp. 1–7, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Saba Kassim, and Konstantinos Farsalinos, “E-Cigarette as a Harm Reduction Approach among Tobacco Smoking Khat Chewers: A Promising Bullet of Multiple Gains,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 240, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sadeq A. Al-Maweri, Saman Warnakulasuriya, and Abdulaziz Samran, “ Khat ( Catha edulis ) and its oral health effects: An updated review ,” Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry, pp. e12288, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Butchibabu Kalakonda, Sadeq-Ali Al-Maweri, Anum Ijaz, Hashem-Motahir Al-Shamiri, Shukry Gamal, and Esam Dhaifullah, “Is Khat (Catha edulis) chewing a risk factor for periodontal diseases? A systematic review,” Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. e1264–e1270, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Alan R. Lifson, Sale Workneh, Tibebe Shenie, Desalegn Admassu Ayana, Zenebe Melaku, Lemlem Bezabih, Hiwot Tekle Waktola, Behailu Dagne, Rose Hilk, Ken C. Winters, and Lucy Slater, “Prevalence and factors associated with use of khat: a survey of patients entering HIV treatment programs in Ethiopia,” Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, vol. 12, no. 1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Yan Pan, Abdolgodose Alkebsi, Mustafa Ahmed Alshagga, Mohammed Abdullah Alshawsh, Atefehalsadat Seyedan, Abdulsamad Alsalahi, Suresh Kumar Mohankumar, Saba Kassim, and Zahurin Mohamed, “Khat (Catha edulis) and Obesity: A Scoping Review of Animal and Human Studies,” Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 69, no. 3-4, pp. 200–211, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Bekele Tesfaye, Alemu Gebrie, Animut Alebel, and Abriham Zegeye, “Prevalence and predictors of khat chewing among Ethiopian university students: A systematic review and meta-analysis,” PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 4, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sharoen Yu Ming Lim, Athira Rafhana Binti Azidin, Yee Tze Ung, Mustafa Al-Shagga, Mohammed Abdullah Alshawsh, Zahurin Mohamed, Chin Eng Ong, and Yan Pan, “Effect of 95% Ethanol Khat Extract and Cathinone on in vitro Human Recombinant Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4 Activity,” European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Harminder Guliani, Samuel Gamtessa, and Monika Çule, “Factors affecting tobacco smoking in Ethiopia: evidence from the demographic and health surveys,” BMC Public Health, vol. 19, no. 1, 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mohammed A. Al-Duais, and Yahya S. Al-Awthan, “Association between qat chewing and dyslipidaemia among young males,” Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sagal Ahmed, Haruka Minami, and Andrew Rasmussen, “A Systematic Review of Treatments for Problematic Khat Use,” Substance Use & Misuse, pp. 1–12, 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar