Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 371905, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/371905
Research Article

The Association between Job Strain and Atrial Fibrillation: Results from the Swedish WOLF Study

1School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, 551 11 Jönköping, Sweden
2Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
3Department of Psychology, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
4Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
5Department of Internal Medicine, County Hospital Ryhov, 551 85 Jönköping, Sweden
6Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, 851 70 Sundsvall, Sweden
7Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden

Received 16 January 2015; Accepted 23 March 2015

Academic Editor: Giancarlo Cesana

Copyright © 2015 Eleonor I. Fransson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. World Health Organization, Global Atlas on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Control, edited by S. Mendis, P. Puska and B. Norrving, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011.
  2. A. J. Camm, G. Y. H. Lip, R. de Caterina, and et al, “2012 focused update of the ESC Guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation: an update of the 2010 ESC Guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation—developed with the special contribution of the European Heart Rhythm Association,” Europace, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1385–1413, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. Z. Soliman, M. M. Safford, P. Muntner et al., “Atrial fibrillation and the risk of myocardial infarction,” JAMA Internal Medicine, vol. 174, no. 1, pp. 107–114, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. A. Dulli, H. Stanko, and R. L. Levine, “Atrial fibrillation is associated with severe acute ischemic stroke,” Neuroepidemiology, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 118–123, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. Dalteg, E. Benzein, A. Sandgren, B. Fridlund, and D. Malm, “Managing uncertainty in couples living with atrial fibrillation,” The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. E1–E10, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. H. Ekblad, H. Rönning, B. Fridlund, and D. Malm, “Patients' well-being: experience and actions in their preventing and handling of atrial fibrillation,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 132–139, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. J. McCabe and S. A. Barnason, “Illness perceptions, coping strategies, and symptoms contribute to psychological distress in patients with recurrent symptomatic atrial fibrillation,” Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 431–444, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. S. Chugh, R. Havmoeller, K. Narayanan et al., “Worldwide epidemiology of atrial fibrillation: a global burden of disease 2010 study,” Circulation, vol. 129, no. 8, pp. 837–847, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Zoni-Berisso, F. Lercari, T. Carazza, and S. Domenicucci, “Epidemiology of atrial fibrillation: European perspective,” Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 6, pp. 213–220, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. U. Friberg, P. J. Svensson, and M. von Arbin, Atrial fibrillation. Prevalence and Risk for Stroke, SBU, The Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment, Stockholm, Sweden, 2013.
  11. A. S. Go, E. M. Hylek, K. A. Phillips et al., “Prevalence of diagnosed atrial fibrillation in adults: National implications for rhythm management and stroke prevention: the anticoagulation and risk factors in atrial fibrillation (ATRIA) study,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 285, no. 18, pp. 2370–2375, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Heeringa, D. A. M. van der Kuip, A. Hofman et al., “Prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation: the Rotterdam study,” European Heart Journal, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 949–953, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. W. B. Kannel, P. A. Wolf, E. J. Benjamin et al., “Prevalence, incidence, prognosis, and predisposing conditions for atrial fibrillation: population-based estimates,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 82, no. 8, pp. 2N–9N, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Rietbrock, E. Heeley, J. Plumb, and T. van Staa, “Chronic atrial fibrillation: incidence, prevalence, and prediction of stroke using the congestive heart failure, hypertension, age >75, diabetes mellitus, and prior Stroke or transient ischemic attack (CHADS2) risk stratification scheme,” The American Heart Journal, vol. 156, no. 1, pp. 57–64, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. A. Schoonderwoerd, M. D. Smit, L. Pen, and I. C. van Gelder, “New risk factors for atrial fibrillation: causes of ‘not-so-lone atrial fibrillation’,” Europace, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 668–673, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. F. Sinner, N. R. Tucker, K. L. Lunetta et al., “Integrating genetic, transcriptional, and functional analyses to identify 5 novel genes for atrial fibrillation,” Circulation, vol. 130, no. 15, pp. 1225–1235, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  17. B. Zöller, H. Ohlsson, J. Sundquist, and K. Sundquist, “High familial risk of atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter in multiplex families: a nationwide family study in Sweden,” Journal of the American Heart Association, vol. 2, no. 1, Article ID e003384, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Rosiak, M. Dziuba, M. Chudzik et al., “Risk factors for atrial fibrillation: not always severe heart disease, not always so ‘lonely’,” Cardiology Journal, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 437–442, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. Conen and C. M. Albert, “Alcohol consumption and risk of atrial fibrillation: how much is too much?” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 290–292, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. C. Larsson, N. Drca, and A. Wolk, “Alcohol consumption and risk of atrial fibrillation: a prospective study and dose-response meta-analysis,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 281–289, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. D. Karasoy, T. Bo Jensen, M. L. Hansen et al., “Obesity is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation among fertile young women: a nationwide cohort study,” Europace, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 781–786, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Rosengren, P. J. Hauptman, G. Lappas, L. Olsson, L. Wilhelmsen, and K. Swedberg, “Big men and atrial fibrillation: effects of body size and weight gain on risk of atrial fibrillation in men,” European Heart Journal, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 1113–1120, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Hansson, B. Madsen-Härdig, and S. B. Olsson, “Arrhythmia-provoking factors and symptoms at the onset of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: a study based on interviews with 100 patients seeking hospital assistance,” BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, vol. 4, article 13, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. V. Mattioli, S. Bonatti, M. Zennaro, R. Melotti, and G. Mattioli, “Effect of coffee consumption, lifestyle and acute life stress in the development of acute lone atrial fibrillation,” Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 794–798, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. Torén, L. Schioler, M. Soderberg, K. W. Giang, and A. Rosengren, “The association between job strain and atrial fibrillation in Swedish men,” Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 177–180, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. L. Alfredsson, N. Hammar, E. Fransson et al., “Job strain and major risk factors for coronary heart disease among employed males and famales in a Swedish study on work, lipids and fibrinogen,” Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 238–248, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. A. Karasek, “Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: implications for job redesign,” Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 285–308, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. R. Karasek and T. Theorell, Healthy Work: Stress, Productivity and the Reconstruction of Working Life, Basic Books, New York, NY, USA, 1990.
  29. T. Theorell, “The demand-control-support model for studying health in relation to the work environment—an interactive model,” in Behavioral Medicine Approaches to Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, K. Orth-Gomér and N. Schneiderman, Eds., pp. 69–85, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  30. K. J. Rothman, S. Greenland, and T. L. Lash, Modern Epidemiology, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 3rd edition, 2008.
  31. R. C. Ziegelstein, “Acute emotional stress and cardiac arrhythmias,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 298, no. 3, pp. 324–329, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. Legallois, S. Gomes, A. Pellissier, and P. Milliez, “Medical emotional stress-induced atrial fibrillation: my own personal experience,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 167, no. 6, pp. e182–e183, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Kivimäki, M. Virtanen, M. Elovainio, A. Kouvonen, A. Väänänen, and J. Vahtera, “Work stress in the etiology of coronary heart disease—a meta-analysis,” Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 431–442, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. Kivimäki, S. T. Nyberg, G. D. Batty et al., “Job strain as a risk factor for coronary heart disease: a collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data,” The Lancet, vol. 380, no. 9852, pp. 1491–1497, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. Virtanen, S. T. Nyberg, G. D. Batty et al., “Perceived job insecurity as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis,” British Medical Journal, vol. 347, Article ID f4746, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. B. Aldhoon, V. Melenovský, P. Peichl, and J. Kautzner, “New insights into mechanisms of atrial fibrillation,” Physiological Research, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. P. Taggart, M. R. Boyett, S. Logantha, and P. D. Lambiase, “Anger, emotion, and arrhythmias: from brain to heart,” Frontiers in Physiology, vol. 2, article 67, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. M. Bettoni and M. Zimmermann, “Autonomic tone variations before the onset of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation,” Circulation, vol. 105, no. 23, pp. 2753–2759, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. E. Patterson, S. S. Po, B. J. Scherlag, and R. Lazzara, “Triggered firing in pulmonary veins initiated by in vitro autonomic nerve stimulation,” Heart Rhythm, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 624–631, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. Hänsel, S. Hong, R. J. A. Cámara, and R. von Känel, “Inflammation as a psychophysiological biomarker in chronic psychosocial stress,” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 115–121, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. A. Steptoe and M. Kivimäki, “Stress and cardiovascular disease,” Nature Reviews Cardiology, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 360–370, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. H. S. Chungkham, M. Ingre, R. Karasek, H. Westerlund, and T. Theorell, “Factor structure and longitudinal measurement invariance of the demand control support model: an evidence from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH),” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 8, Article ID e70541, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. J. F. Ludvigsson, E. Andersson, A. Ekbom et al., “External review and validation of the Swedish national inpatient register,” BMC Public Health, vol. 11, article 450, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. E. I. Fransson, K. Heikkila, and S. T. Nyberg, “Job strain as a risk factor for leisure-time physical inactivity: an individual-participant meta-analysis of up to 170,000 men and women: the IPD-work consortium,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 176, no. 12, pp. 1078–1089, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar