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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 393670, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/393670
Review Article

Pediatric Glaucoma: A Literature’s Review and Analysis of Surgical Results

NESMOS Department, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University, Via grottarossa 1035-1039, 00139 Rome, Italy

Received 26 March 2015; Accepted 27 May 2015

Academic Editor: Siavash Rahimi

Copyright © 2015 Gianluca Scuderi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to review the surgical options available for the management of pediatric glaucoma, to evaluate their advantages and disadvantages together with their long-term efficacy, all with the intent to give guidelines to physicians on which elements are to be considered when taking a surgical decision. Currently there is a range of surgical procedures that are being used for the management of pediatric glaucoma. Within these, some are completely new approaches, while others are improvements of the more traditional procedures. Throughout this vast range of surgical options, angle surgery remains the first choice in mild cases and both goniotomy and trabeculotomy have good success rates. Trabeculectomy with or without mitomycin C (MMC) is preferred in refractory cases, in aphakic eyes, and in older children. GDIs have a good success rate in aphakic eyes. Nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy is still rarely used; nevertheless the results of ongoing studies are encouraging. The different clinical situations should always be weighed against the risks associated with the procedures for the individual patients. Glaucomatous progression can occur many years after its stabilization and at any time during the follow-up period; for this reason life-long assessment is necessary.