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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 404261, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/404261
Review Article

Anthropometric Measurements Usage in Medical Sciences

1Uludağ University School of Health, Bursa, Turkey
2Department of Biostatistics, Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey

Received 22 January 2015; Revised 11 March 2015; Accepted 11 March 2015

Academic Editor: Juan A. Sanchis-Gimeno

Copyright © 2015 Nevin Utkualp and Ilker Ercan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Morphometry is introduced as quantitative approach to seek information concerning variations and changes in the forms of organisms that described the relationship between the human body and disease. Scientists of all civilization, who existed until today, examined the human body using anthropometric methods. For these reasons, anthropometric data are used in many contexts to screen for or monitor disease. Anthropometry, a branch of morphometry, is the study of the size and shape of the components of biological forms and their variations in populations. Morphometrics can also be defined as the quantitative analysis of biological forms. The field has developed rapidly over the last two decades to the extent that we now distinguish between traditional morphometrics and the more recent geometric morphometrics. Advances in imaging technology have resulted in the protection of a greater amount of morphological information and have permitted the analysis of this information. The oldest and most commonly used of these methods is radiography. With developments in this area, CT and MRI have also been started to be used in screening of the internal organs. Morphometric measurements that are used in medicine, are widely used in the diagnosis and the follow-up and the treatment of the disease, today. In addition, in cosmetology use of these new measurements is increasing every day.