BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Lumbar Endoscopic Microdiscectomy: Where Are We Now? An Updated Literature Review Focused on Clinical Outcome, Complications, and Rate of Recurrence

Figure 1

(a-b) Sagittal and axial T2-weighted MRI images of an L4-L5 right disc bulging causing foraminal stenosis. Approach is performed through an entry point located ~7 cm from the midline. (c-d) Intraoperative fluoroscopy and lateral and anteroposterior (AP) projections showing the position of the instrumentation. (e) Fragment of the disc removed from the endoscopic cannula.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.