Table 3: Associations between amino acids and components of MetS and inflammatory parameters before and after adjustment for age, gender, protein intake, RMR, and fitness index.
(a) Variables: components of MetS and markers of inflammation (r, P)a

AA
(μmol/L)
WC
(cm)
ABSI
(m11/6/kg2/3)
SBP
(mmHg)
ADI
(mg/L)
TNF-α
(ng/L)
Visfatin
(μg/L)
Glc
(mmol/L)
HDL-c
(mmol/L)
TG
(mmol/L)
CRP
(mg/L)
IR

Ala0.15
ns
0.15
ns
0.21
0.044
−0.11
ns
0.06
ns
0.28
0.010
0.43
0.000
−0.10
ns
0.26
0.013
−0.05
ns
0.31
0.003

Gly−0.35
0.001
−0.29
0.015
−0.26
0.012
0.18
ns
−0.13
ns
0.15
Ns
−0.20
ns
0.06
ns
−0.32
0.002
−0.28
0.006
−0.33
0.001

Leu0.55
0.000
0.31
0.007
0.30
0.003
−0.38
0.001
0.22
0.039
0.06
Ns
0.34
0.001
−0.34
0.001
0.22
0.032
0.08
ns
0.30
0.004

Cys0.51
0.000
0.33
0.002
0.00
ns
−0.24
0.049
0.27
0.010
0.07
Ns
0.22
0.038
−0.31
0.002
0.18
ns
0.40
0.000
0.35
0.001

Phe0.41
0.000
0.21
ns
0.05
ns
−0.14
ns
0.25
0.018
−0.03
Ns
0.25
0.016
−0.26
0.012
0.08
ns
0.14
ns
0.26
0.011

Tyr0.62
0.000
0.32
0.005
0.23
0.024
−0.29
0.018
0.30
0.005
0.13
Ns
0.23
0.026
−0.24
0.020
0.21
0.044
0.31
0.003
0.36
0.000

(b) Correlation coefficients adjusted for age, gender, protein intake, RMR, and FI (r, P)b

AA
(μmol/L)
WC
(cm)
ABSI
(m11/6/kg2/3)
SBP
(mmHg)
ADI
(mg/L)
TNF-α
(ng/L)
Visfatin
(μg/L)
Glc
(mmol/L)
HDL-c
(mmol/L)
TG
(mmol/L)
CRP
(mg/L)
IR

Ala0.08
ns
0.13
ns
0.12
ns
−0.03
ns
0.04
ns
0.25
0.05
0.48
0.000
−0.12
ns
0.26
0.045
−0.09
ns
0.19
ns

Gly−0.31
0.016
−0.23
0.025
−0.18
ns
0.15
ns
−0.06
ns
0.15
ns
−0.16
ns
0.16
ns
−0.36
0.006
−0.38
0.004
−0.23
ns

Leu0.49
0.000
0.27
0.009
0.23
ns
−0.27
0.038
0.31
0.012
0.05
ns
0.39
0.003
−0.29
0.026
0.14
ns
0.26
ns
0.35
0.008

Cys0.51
0.000
0.32
0.002
−0.06
ns
−0.20
ns
0.26
0.038
0.07
ns
0.19
ns
−0.28
0.032
0.10
ns
0.38
0.003
0.44
0.001

Phe0.36
0.006
0.17
ns
−0.08
ns
−0.18
ns
0.28
0.035
−0.21
ns
0.32
0.014
−0.27
0.038
−0.02
ns
0.16
ns
0.19
ns

Tyr0.50
0.000
0.27
0.009
0.11
ns
−0.20
ns
0.16
0.027
0.03
ns
0.24
ns
−0.23
ns
0.11
ns
0.29
0.029
0.31
0.020

AA: amino acids in serum; ABSI: a body shape index; ADI: adiponectin; CRP: C-reactive protein; Glc: glucose; HDL-c: high density lipoprotein-cholesterol; IR: model assessment for insulin resistance; SBP: systolic blood pressure; TG: triacylglycerol; TNF: tumor necrosis factor; WC: waist circumference.
Pearson correlation coefficients, crudea and adjusted for age and gender, protein intake, RMR, and FIb. Bold entries indicate significant correlations ( < 0.05).