Table 3: Comparative serum content of oxidants, antioxidants, Cholesterol, TG, and HDL together with the activity of burst enzymes between COPD patients and controls at day 0 (i.e., on set of experiments).

Parameters COPD ()
(mean ± SD)
Controls ()
(mean ± SD)
value value

Malondialdehyde (MDA) (nmoL/mL)3.78 ± 0.241.2 ± 0.19 45.623 0.000*
Lipid hydroperoxide (nmoL/mL)3.63 ± 0.191.25 ± 0.17 50.752 0.000*
Catalase (kU/L)31.53 ± 8.4159.88 ± 7.04 −14.156 0.000*
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) (U/mL)67.25 ± 6.43104.33 ± 11.18 −15.746 0.000*
Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) (U/mL)28.41 ± 4.0239.14 ± 3.34 −11.225 0.000*
Glutathione (GSH) (nmoL/mL)279.3 ± 23.26414.67 ± 20.32 −24.006 0.000*
Vitamin C (mg/dL)0.76 ± 0.072.15 ± 0.16 −42.646 0.000*
Cholesterol (mg/dL)167.22 ± 10.33188.05 ± 13.21 −6.805 0.000*
Triglyceride (TG) (mg/dL)172.10 ± 14.44179.67 ± 18.66 −1.757 0.084
High density lipoprotein (HDL) (mg/dL)42.21 ± 5.1751.95 ± 6.36 −6.513 0.000*

Statistically significant.