BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Effect of Various Types of Motorcycle Helmets on Cervical Spine Injury in Head Injury Patients: A Multicenter Study in Taiwan

Table 1

Univariate comparison between case and control groups in helmet use, helmet types, and other covariates ( = 5225).

VariablesNo CSICSI value
= 5052 = 173
%%

Male311561.812270.5.021
Age
 17–24 160231.74827.7.232
 25–44 165732.86135.3
 45–64 124524.63822.0
 ≧65 54810.92615.0
Helmet use1464491.913276.3<.001
Helmet types2
 No4088.14123.7<.001
 Full coverage125924.92816.2
 Partial coverage338567.010460.1
Driver464494.415796.3.282
Ambulance delivery392081.914891.4.002
Transferred from another hospital93119.03520.6.603
Hospitalization due to HI in the past 5 years1082.431.81.000
Glasgow Coma Scale
 13–15399179.512373.2.130
 9–1250410.12112.5
 ≦852310.42414.3
HI-induced neurological impairment3867.82715.9<.001
Thoracic spine injury501.0105.8<.001
Lumbar spine injury210.452.9<.001
Skull fracture65513.12615.0.456
Facial fracture104820.72112.1.006
Chest injury3987.92413.9.004
Abdominal injury1202.463.5.312

Only for Model 1.
2Only for Model 2.
CSI: cervical spine injury; HI: head injury.