Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 521481, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/521481
Research Article

Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Patients with Depression

1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nuh Naci Yazgan University, 38170 Kayseri, Turkey
2Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, 38170 Kayseri, Turkey
3Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Izmir Kâtip Çelebi University, 35620 Izmir, Turkey

Received 13 April 2015; Revised 6 August 2015; Accepted 11 August 2015

Academic Editor: Adair Santos

Copyright © 2015 Gülşah Kaner et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. WHO, Mental Health Action Plan 2013–2020, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2013.
  2. N. Sugawara, N. Yasui-Furukori, S. Tsuchimine et al., “No association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms among a community-dwelling population in Japan,” Annals of General Psychiatry, vol. 11, article 24, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. Mamplekou, V. Bountziouka, T. Psaltopoulou et al., “Urban environment, physical inactivity and unhealthy dietary habits correlate to depression among elderly living in eastern mediterranean islands: the MEDIS (Mediterranean Islands Elderly) study,” Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 449–455, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Sánchez-Villegas, M. Delgado-Rodríguez, A. Alonso et al., “Association of the Mediterranean dietary pattern with the incidence of depression: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra/University of Navarra follow-up (SUN) cohort,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 66, no. 10, pp. 1090–1098, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. N. Jacka, P. J. Kremer, E. R. Leslie et al., “Associations between diet quality and depressed mood in adolescents: results from the Australian Healthy Neighbourhoods Study,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 435–442, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. German, C. Kahana, V. Rosenfeld et al., “Depressive symptoms are associated with food insufficiency and nutritional deficiencies in poor community-dwelling elderly people,” Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 3–8, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. W. Jeffery, J. A. Linde, G. E. Simon et al., “Reported food choices in older women in relation to body mass index and depressive symptoms,” Appetite, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 238–240, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Sánchez-Villegas, E. Toledo, J. de Irala, M. Ruiz-Canela, J. Pla-Vidal, and M. A. Martínez-González, “Fast-food and commercial baked goods consumption and the risk of depression,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 424–432, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Ciarambino, N. Ferrara, P. Castellino, G. Paolisso, L. Coppola, and M. Giordano, “Effects of a 6-days-a-week low protein diet regimen on depressive symptoms in young-old type 2 diabetic patients,” Nutrition, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 46–49, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. D. Brinkworth, J. D. Buckley, M. Noakes, P. M. Clifton, and C. J. Wilson, “Long-term effects of a very low-carbohydrate diet and a low-fat diet on mood and cognitive function,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 169, no. 20, pp. 1873–1880, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P.-Y. Lin, S.-Y. Huang, and K.-P. Su, “A meta-analytic review of polyunsaturated fatty acid compositions in patients with depression,” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 140–147, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. E. Sublette, S. P. Ellis, A. L. Geant, and J. J. Mann, “Meta-analysis of the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in clinical trials in depression,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 72, no. 12, pp. 1577–1584, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Farah, “The role of L-methylfolate in depressive disorders,” CNS Spectrums, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 2–7, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. W. Morris, M. H. Trivedi, and A. J. Rush, “Folate and unipolar depression,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 277–285, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. C. Cope and C. W. Levenson, “Role of zinc in the development and treatment of mood disorders,” Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 685–689, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Lai, A. Moxey, G. Nowak, K. Vashum, K. Bailey, and M. McEvoy, “The efficacy of zinc supplementation in depression: systematic review of randomised controlled trials,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 136, no. 1-2, pp. e31–e39, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. B. Szewczyk, M. Kubera, and G. Nowak, “The role of zinc in neurodegenerative inflammatory pathways in depression,” Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 693–701, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. Stewart and V. Hirani, “Relationship between depressive symptoms, anemia, and iron status in older residents from a national survey population,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 208–213, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. V. Shariatpanaahi, Z. V. Shariatpanaahi, M. Moshtaaghi, S. H. Shahbaazi, and A. Abadi, “The relationship between depression and serum ferritin level,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 532–535, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Merete, L. M. Falcon, and K. L. Tucker, “Vitamin B6 is associated with depressive symptomatology in Massachusetts elders,” Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 421–427, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. Moorthy, I. Peter, T. M. Scott et al., “Status of vitamins B12 and B6 but not of folate, homocysteine, and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism are associated with impaired cognition and depression in adults,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 142, no. 8, pp. 1554–1560, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. A. Skarupski, C. Tangney, H. Li, B. Ouyang, D. A. Evans, and M. C. Morris, “Longitudinal association of vitamin B-6, folate, and vitamin B-12 with depressive symptoms among older adults over time,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 330–335, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Hintikka, T. Tolmunen, A. Tanskanen, and H. Viinamäki, “High vitamin B12 level and good treatment outcome may be associated in major depressive disorder,” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 3, article 17, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Raman, E. Smith, and P. Hay, “The clinical obesity maintenance model: an integration of psychological constructs including mood, emotional regulation, disordered overeating, habitual cluster behaviours, health literacy and cognitive function,” Journal of Obesity, vol. 2013, Article ID 240128, 9 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. U. Onyike, R. M. Crum, H. B. Lee, C. G. Lyketsos, and W. W. Eaton, “Is obesity associated with major depression? Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 158, no. 12, pp. 1139–1147, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. E. Roberts, G. A. Kaplan, S. J. Shema, and W. J. Strawbridge, “Are the obese at greater risk for depression?” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 152, no. 2, pp. 163–170, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. E. Roberts, W. J. Strawbridge, S. Deleger, and G. A. Kaplan, “Are the fat more jolly?” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 169–180, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. M. Carpenter, D. S. Hasin, D. B. Allison, and M. S. Faith, “Relationships between obesity and DSM-IV major depressive disorder, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts: results from a general population study,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 251–257, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. Hällström and H. Noppa, “Obesity in women in relation to mental illness, social factors and personality traits,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 75–82, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. L. A. Palinkas, D. L. Wingard, and E. Barrett-Connor, “Depressive symptoms in overweight and obese older adults: a test of the ‘jolly fat’ hypothesis,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 59–66, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Faubel, “Body image and depression in women with early and late onset obesity,” The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. 385–395, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. A. Grossniklaus, S. B. Dunbar, R. Gary, B. C. Tohill, J. K. Frediani, and M. K. Higgins, “Dietary energy density: a mediator of depressive symptoms and abdominal obesity or independent predictor of abdominal obesity?” European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 423–431, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. Zhao, E. S. Ford, C. Li, J. Tsai, S. Dhingra, and L. S. Balluz, “Waist circumference, abdominal obesity, and depression among overweight and obese U.S. adults: national health and nutrition examination survey 2005-2006,” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 11, article 130, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. B. M. Appelhans, M. C. Whited, K. L. Schneider et al., “Depression severity, diet quality, and physical activity in women with obesity and depression,” Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 693–698, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. L. M. Bodnar and K. L. Wisner, “Nutrition and depression: implications for improving mental health among childbearing-aged women,” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 58, no. 9, pp. 679–685, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. WHO Technical Report Series (WHO), “Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry,” Report of a WHO Expert Committee 854, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  37. A. Baysal, M. Aksoy, N. Bozkurt et al., Diyet El Kitabı, Beslenme Durumunun Saptanması, Hatiboğlu Yayınevi, Ankara, Turkey, 4th edition, 2002 (Turkish).
  38. The Ministry of Health of Turkey and The General Directorate of Primary Health Care, Dietary Guidelines for Turkey (2006) Recommended Safe Level of Intake of Energy and Nutrients for Turkey, The Ministry of Health of Turkey, The General Directorate of Primary Health Care, Ankara, Turkey, 2013, http://www.bdb.hacettepe.edu.tr/dokumanlar/dietaryguidelines.pdf.
  39. N. Rakıcıoğlu, N. Tek Acar, A. Ayaz, and G. Pekcan, Yemek ve Besin Fotoğraf Kataloğu-Ölçü ve Miktarlar, Ata Ofset Matbaacılık, Ankara, Turkey, 2nd edition, 2009, (Turkish).
  40. H. Konttinen, S. Männistö, S. Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, K. Silventoinen, and A. Haukkala, “Emotional eating, depressive symptoms and self-reported food consumption. A population-based study,” Appetite, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 473–479, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. E. Gluck, A. Geliebter, and T. Satov, “Night eating syndrome is associated with depression, low self-esteem, reduced daytime hunger, and less weight loss in obese outpatients,” Obesity Research, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 264–267, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. C. Liu, B. Xie, C.-P. Chou et al., “Perceived stress, depression and food consumption frequency in the college students of China seven cities,” Physiology & Behavior, vol. 92, no. 4, pp. 748–754, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. G. Samur and S. M. Mercanligil, Diyet posası ve beslenme, The Ministry of Health of Turkey, The General Directorate of Primary Health Care, 2008 (Turkish).
  44. J. K. Kiecolt-Glaser, M. A. Belury, K. Porter, D. Q. Beversdorf, S. Lemeshow, and R. Glaser, “Depressive symptoms, omega-6: omega-3 fatty acids, and inflammation in older adults,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 217–224, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. W. Kohatsu, “Nutrition and Depression,” Explore, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 474–476, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. H. H. Atar and Z. Alçiçek, “Seafood consumption and health,” TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 173–176, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  47. A. Tanskanen, J. R. Hibbeln, J. Tuomilehto et al., “Fish consumption and depressive symptoms in the general population in Finland,” Psychiatric Services, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 529–531, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. S. Noaghiul and J. R. Hibbeln, “Cross-national comparisons of seafood consumption and rates of bipolar disorders,” The American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 160, no. 12, pp. 2222–2227, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. M. Timonen, D. Horrobin, J. Jokelainen, J. Laitinen, A. Herva, and P. Räsänen, “Fish consumption and depression: the Northern Finland 1966 birth cohort study,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 447–452, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. Y. Li, Q. Dai, L. I. Ekperi, A. Dehal, and J. Zhang, “Fish consumption and severely depressed mood, findings from the first national nutrition follow-up study,” Psychiatry Research, vol. 190, no. 1, pp. 103–109, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. B. J. Meyer, N. Kolanu, D. A. Griffiths, B. Grounds, P. R. C. Howe, and I. A. Kreis, “Food groups and fatty acids associated with self-reported depression: an analysis from the Australian National Nutrition and Health Surveys,” Nutrition, vol. 29, no. 7-8, pp. 1042–1047, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. A. F. Jorm, H. Christensen, K. M. Griffiths, and B. Rodgers, “Effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for depression,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 176, pp. S84–S96, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. J. Oishi, H. Doi, and N. Kawakami, “Nutrition and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling elderly persons in Japan,” Acta Medica Okayama, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. P. Holford, “Depression: the nutrition connection,” Primary Care Mental Health, vol. 1, pp. 9–16, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  55. K. L. Pellegrin, P. M. O'Neil, E. J. Stellefson et al., “Average daily nutrient intake and mood among obese women,” Nutrition Research, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 1103–1112, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. R. M. Merrill, P. Taylor, and S. G. Aldana, “Coronary Health Improvement Project (CHIP) is associated with improved nutrient intake and decreased depression,” Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 314–321, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. G. A. Eby and K. L. Eby, “Rapid recovery from major depression using magnesium treatment,” Medical Hypotheses, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 362–370, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. N. N. Maserejian, S. A. Hall, and J. B. McKinlay, “Low dietary or supplemental zinc is associated with depression symptoms among women, but not men, in a population-based epidemiological survey,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 136, no. 3, pp. 781–788, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. S. M. Lehto, A. Ruusunen, T. Tolmunen, S. Voutilainen, T.-P. Tuomainen, and J. Kauhanen, “Dietary zinc intake and the risk of depression in middle-aged men: a 20-year prospective follow-up study,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 150, no. 2, pp. 682–685, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. N. Ören and B. Gençdoğan, “Lise öğrencilerinin depresyon düzeylerinin bazı değişkenlere göre incelenmesi,” Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, vol. 1, pp. 85–92, 2007 (Turkish). View at Google Scholar
  61. A. J. Stunkard, M. S. Faith, and K. C. Allison, “Depression and obesity,” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 330–337, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. J. Ma and L. Xiao, “Obesity and depression in US woman: results from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey,” Obesity, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 347–353, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. J. M. Murphy, N. J. Horton, J. D. Burke Jr. et al., “Obesity and weight gain in relation to depression: findings from the Stirling County study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 335–341, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. G. E. Simon, E. J. Ludman, J. A. Linde et al., “Association between obesity and depression in middle-aged women,” General Hospital Psychiatry, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 32–39, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. P. Ravasco, J. Correia, M. Chaves, and M. Camilo, “Depression and nutrition: a complex association,” Clinical Nutrition Supplements, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 143–144, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  66. L. de Wit, F. Luppino, A. van Straten, B. Penninx, F. Zitman, and P. Cuijpers, “Depression and obesity: a meta-analysis of community-based studies,” Psychiatry Research, vol. 178, no. 2, pp. 230–235, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. H. Yardımcı and A. Ö. Özçelik, Ankara ili gölbaşı ilçesinde yetişkin kadınların antropometrik ölçümleri ve beslenme alışkanlıkları üzerinde bir araştırma [Doktora Tezi], Ankara Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara, Turkey, 2006, (Turkish).
  68. L. S. Kinder, M. R. Carnethon, L. P. Palaniappan, A. C. King, and S. P. Fortmann, “Depression and the metabolic syndrome in young adults: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 316–322, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. T. Bottiglieri, M. Laundy, R. Crellin, B. K. Toone, M. W. P. Carney, and E. H. Reynolds, “Homocysteine, folate, methylation, and monoamine metabolism in depression,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 228–232, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. C. Lazarou and M. Kapsou, “The role of folic acid in prevention and treatment of depression: an overview of existing evidence and implications for practice,” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 161–166, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  71. E. H. Reynolds, “Benefits and risks of folic acid to the nervous system,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 567–571, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  72. H. Tiemeier, H. Ruud van Tuijl, A. Hofman, J. Meijer, A. J. Kiliaan, and M. M. B. Breteler, “Vitamin B12, folate, and homocysteine in depression: the Rotterdam study,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 159, no. 12, pp. 2099–2101, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  73. B. W. J. H. Penninx, J. M. Guralnik, L. Ferrucci, L. P. Fried, R. H. Allen, and S. P. Stabler, “Vitamin B12 deficiency and depression in physically disabled older women: epidemiologic evidence from the women's health and aging study,” The American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 157, no. 5, pp. 715–721, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  74. S. Toker, A. Shirom, and S. Melamed, “Depression and the metabolic syndrome: gender-dependent associations,” Depression and Anxiety, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 661–669, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  75. A. Pan, X. Ye, O. H. Franco et al., “Insulin resistance and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and elderly Chinese: findings from the Nutrition and Health of Aging Population in China Study,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 109, no. 1-2, pp. 75–82, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  76. M. Timonen, M. Laakso, J. Jokelainen, U. Rajala, V. B. Meyer-Rochow, and S. Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, “Insulin resistance and depression: cross sectional study,” British Medical Journal, vol. 330, no. 7481, pp. 17–18, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  77. M. C. Adriaanse, J. M. Dekker, G. Nijpels, R. J. Heine, F. J. Snoek, and F. Pouwer, “Associations between depressive symptoms and insulin resistance: the Hoorn study,” Diabetologia, vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 2874–2877, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus