Table 1: Nutrients and drugs that have been shown to present an activity of stimulation in increasing the mass and/or muscle strength in humans or in the animal model.

NutrientsProteins and amino acids (BCAAs) and creatine.
Antioxidants (vitamin E, vitamin C, carotenoids, and resveratrol)
Vitamins: vitamin D
Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids

DrugsAntagonists of mineral corticoids (Spironolactone)
ACE inhibitors

Hormone replacement therapyTestosterone (T)
Growth hormone (GH)
Combination therapy: T and GH
Estrogen
DHEA-S