Table 3: Differentially (at least 2-fold) and significantly expressed genes (, 573 in total) that are identical between flight space (FS) as well as in-flight centrifugation (FC) compared to ground static (GS). Changes are due to nonmicrogravity related spaceflight conditions. The genes are sorted according to the overrepresented biological processes identified by GSEA to be most prominent.

NoATG numberGene name/description ( value)
FS versus GS
( value)
FC versus GS
Biological process

1AT1G01560MAP kinase 111.83 (0.034)2.13 (0.027)MAPK cascade

2AT1G73500MAP kinase 91.34 (0.006)1.37 (0.038)MAPK cascade

3AT3G01830Calcium-binding EF-hand family protein1.3 (0.032)1.85 (0.027)MAPK cascade

4AT3G47480Calcium-binding EF-hand family protein1.24 (0.081)1.87 (0.037)MAPK cascade

5AT2G40750WRKY DNA-binding transcription factor 541.29 (0.008)1.74 (0.006)MAPK cascade

6AT3G56400WRKY DNA-binding transcription factor 701.85 (0.008)2.19 (0.004)MAPK cascade

7AT5G22570WRKY DNA-binding transcription factor 382.52 (0.006)3.28 (0.004)MAPK cascade

8AT3G15500NAC-domain containing transcription factor 32.98 ()2.63 (0.003)MAPK cascade

9AT1G35670Calcium-dependent calmodulin-independent protein kinase 21.2 (0.002)1.23 (0.003)Protein phosphorylation

10AT1G20650Serine/threonine protein kinase superfamily protein−1.4 (0.024)−1.5 (0.018)Protein phosphorylation

11AT3G61160Serine/threonine protein kinase family protein−1.22 (0.007)−1.4 (0.008)Protein phosphorylation

12AT1G78290Serine/threonine protein kinase family protein 2C1.71 (0.019)2.0 (0.034)Protein phosphorylation

13AT4G18640Serine/threonine protein kinase family protein1.08 (0.019)1.07 (0.014)Protein phosphorylation

14AT4G18950Serine/threonine/tyrosine protein kinase family protein2.53 (0.031)3.17 (0.02)Protein phosphorylation

15AT5G16900Leucine-rich repeat protein kinase family protein1.42 (0.023)2.0 (0.012)Protein phosphorylation

16AT1G51890Leucine-rich repeat protein kinase family protein2.55 (0.05)2.64 (0.047)Protein phosphorylation

17AT4G11480Cysteine-rich receptor-like protein kinase family protein1.56 (0.05)1.89 (0.033)Protein phosphorylation

18AT4G23260Cysteine-rich receptor-like protein kinase family protein1.65 (0.068)2.49 (0.041)Protein phosphorylation

19AT4G38470Tyrosine kinase family protein 461.14 (0.008)1.34 (0.015)Protein phosphorylation

20AT1G69790Protein kinase superfamily protein1.19 (0.038)1.12 (0.009)Protein phosphorylation

21AT5G53450Protein kinase1.88 (0.088)1.89 (0.075)Protein phosphorylation

22AT1G51620Protein kinase family protein1.8 (0.052)2.31 (0.048)Protein phosphorylation

23AT3G04530Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase kinase 2−1.6 (0.06)−1.19 (0.43)Protein phosphorylation

24AT5G63650Protein kinase 2.5−1.26 (0.028)−1.01 (0.032)Protein phosphorylation

25AT1G16260Cell-wall associated protein kinase family protein1.73 (0.006)2.13 (0.003)Protein phosphorylation

26AT1G68690Proline-rich extension-like receptor kinase family protein1.04 (0.002)1.03 (0.04)Protein phosphorylation

27AT5G46330Flagellin 2-induced receptor-like kinase−1.85 (0.043)−2.38 (0.016)Defense response

28AT2G19190Flagellin 22-induced receptor-like kinase2.48 (0.065)2.27 (0.075)Defense response

29AT2G15120Disease-resistance family protein2.68 (0.035)2.53 (0.04)Defense response

30AT1G59780Disease resistance protein1.37 (0.092)1.98 (0.052)Defense response

31AT1G63880Disease resistance protein−1.81 (0.003)−1.79 (0.016)Defense response

32AT2G39200Transmembrane domain-containing protein, similar to mildew resistance protein 122.6 (0.059)2.55 (0.063)Defense response

33AT1G19610Pathogenesis-related protein 1.4−2.17 (0.002)−2.14 (0.029)Defense response

34AT3G20600Nonrace specific disease resistance protein1.05 (0.037)2.12 (0.011)Defense response

35AT1G02360Chitinase family protein2.6 (0.026)2.87 (0.019)Defense response

36AT3G54420Chitinase family protein class IV1.73 (0.055)2.53 (0.026)Defense response

37AT4G21390Serine/threonine protein kinase family protein1.5 (0.068)1.86 (0.031)Defense response

38AT3G46280Protein kinase family protein1.83 (0.074)2.3 (0.048)Defense response

39AT5G35750Histidine kinase 2−1.21 (0.042)−1.35 (0.026)Defense response

40AT2G37130Peroxidase 21−3.06 (0.014)−3.4 (0.008)Response to
oxidative stress

41AT1G14540Peroxidase 43.35 (0.018)3.28 (0.02)Response to
oxidative stress

42AT5G05340Peroxidase 522.15 (0.014)2.06 (0.019)Response to
oxidative stress

43AT4G37530Peroxidase family protein2.17 (0.035)2.15 (0.026)Response to
oxidative stress

44AT2G41480Peroxidase 25−1.04 (0.011)−1.06 (0.034)Response to
oxidative stress

45AT1G20620Catalase 3−1.12 (0.07)−1.39 (0.052)Response to
oxidative stress

46AT2G29490Glutathione S-transferase 19 class tau 11.75 (0.07)1.7 (0.073)Response to
oxidative stress

47AT3G22370Oxidase family protein1.3 (0.013)1.0 (0.089)Response to
oxidative stress

48AT4G37220Stress-responsive protein2.87 (0.004)1.87 (0.049)Response to stress

49AT4G21870Heat shock protein 26.5−1.31 (0.002)−1.43 (0.012)Response to stress

50AT2G38750Calcium-dependent phospholipid binding protein1.48 (0.02)1.15 (0.032)Response to stress