BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Impact of Moderate Heat, Carvacrol, and Thymol Treatments on the Viability, Injury, and Stress Response of Listeria monocytogenes

Table 2

Percentage of injury in Listeria monocytogenes CECT 4031 cells after different exposure times to mild heat (55°C) applied alone or in presence of 0.3 mM thymol and/or 0.3 mM carvacrol.

Time (min)55°C55°C + thymol55°C + carvacrol55°C + thymol + carvacrol

576.27 ± 11.60aA92.76 ± 3.25aB98.19 ± 0.59aC99.53 ± 0.14aD
1079.78 ± 12.21aA97.25 ± 1.58bB99.16 ± 0.72abBC99.79 ± 0.06bC
1590.74 ± 2.43aA99.12 ± 0.36bB99.44 ± 0.48bBC99.82 ± 0.05bC
2097.33 ± 2.58bA99.24 ± 0.56bA99.75 ± 0.25bA 99.89 ± 0.12bcA
3098.39 ± 0.69bA99.04 ± 1.02bAB99.87 ± 0.20bB≥99.99cB

The same lowercase letters indicate that there are no significant differences in columns.
The same capital letters indicate that there are no significant differences in rows.