BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Self-Medication Practices among Parents in Italy

Table 1

Characteristics of study participants and self-medication practices.

CharacteristicsTotalSelf-medication practiceLast year self-medication practiceLast year appropriateness self-medication
Yes = 465 (69.2%)No = 207 (30.8%)Yes = 334 (71.8%)No = 131 (28.2%)Yes = 115 (34.4%)No = 219 (65.6%)
%%%%%%%

Gender
 Male18227.111224.17033.88525.52720.623206228.3
 Female49072.935375.913766.224974.510479.4928015771.7
Age45.5 ± 6.7 (24–70)*45 ± 6.5 (24–70)*46.6 ± 7 (32–68)*44.8 ± 6 (24–65)45.5 ± 7.6 (30–70)44.1 ± 6 (31–64)*45.1 ± 6 (24–65)*
 <4010615.88217.62411.65717.12519.12118.33616.4
 40–4420530.5144316129.510431.14030.54135.66328.8
 45–4921632.115032.36631.911333.83728.23933.97433.8
 >4914521.68919.1562760182922.21412.24621
Educational level
 Primary school or lower9414459.74923.73410.2118.497.82511.4
 Secondary school30845.821746.7914315044.96751.15144.49945.2
 College
 degree or higher
27040.220343.66732.315044.95340.55547.89543.4
Occupation
 Employed43664.931166.912560.422868.38363.47565.215369.9
 Unemployed23635.115433.18239.610631.74836.64034.86630.1
Number of sons
 19614.36714.429144814.41914.51513.13315.1
 239558.827458.912158.519859.376587161.712758
 ≥318126.912426.75727.58826.33627.52925.25926.9
Self-perceived health status7.7 ± 1.5 (1–10)*7.7 ± 1.4 (2–10)*7.6 ± 1.7 (1–10)*7.7 ± 1.4 (2–10)*7.7 ± 1.4 (4–10)*7.9 ± 1.4 (2–10)*7.5 ± 1.4 (2–10)*
Suffering of at least one chronic disease
 No17225.611524.75727.525275.59874.8928016073.1
 Yes50074.435075.315072.58224.53325.223205926.9
Personal health problem in the preceding twelve months
 No37055.124352.312761.316348.88061.169609442.9
 Yes30244.922247.78038.717151.25138.9464012557.1
Had visited the physician in the preceding twelve months
 No17626.212326.55325.68124.24232.13631.34520.5
 Yes49673.834273.515474.425375.88967.97968.717479.5
Physicians as source of information about medicines
 No19829.514531.25325.61073238293530.47232.9
 Yes47470.532068.815474.42276893718069.614767.1
Need of additional information about medicines
 No22833.93026514268.621564.48766.48372.213260.3
 Yes44466.1163356531.411935.64433.63227.88739.7

*Mean ± standard deviation (range).