BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Self-Medication Practices among Parents in Italy

Table 2

Logistic regression models for potential determinants of the different outcomes of interest.

OR95% CIP value

Model 1. Have taken at least once some form of self-medication ()
 Educational level
  Primary school or lower0.240.14–0.41<0.001
  Secondary school0.690.47–1.010.051
  College degree or higher1.0*
 Age0.960.93–0.990.003
 Personal health problem in the preceding twelve months1.641.15–2.340.006
 Gender1.521.03–2.230.03
 Physician as source of information about medicines0.690.47–1.020.06
Model 2: Self-medication in the twelve-month period preceding the study ()
 Health problem in the preceding twelve months1.651.09–2.480.02
Model 3: Appropriateness of oral self-medication ()
 Gender1.740.99–3.050.051
 Need of additional information about medicines0.630.38–1.040.07
 Self-perceived health status1.170.38–1.070.09
 Personal health problem in the preceding twelve months0.640.8–5.410.14
 Had visited the physician in the preceding twelve months0.740.42–1.310.31
Model 4: Willing to practice medication without the prescription of a physician ()
 Gender3.41.15–10.10.03
 Educational level
  Primary school or lower0.190.03–1.130.07
  Secondary school0.340.12–0.940.04
  College degree or higher1.0*
 Occupation2.890.81–10.240.1
 Personal health problem in the preceding twelve months2.070.8–5.410.14
 Had visited the physician in the preceding twelve months2.790.7–11.080.14
 Age1.050.98–1.120.19

*Reference category.