Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 584696, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/584696
Review Article

Status, Alert System, and Prediction of Cyanobacterial Bloom in South Korea

1Environmental Biotechnology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 305-806, Republic of Korea
2Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India

Received 2 August 2014; Revised 5 November 2014; Accepted 5 November 2014

Academic Editor: Saulius Butenas

Copyright © 2015 Ankita Srivastava et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Bloom-forming freshwater cyanobacterial genera pose a major ecological problem due to their ability to produce toxins and other bioactive compounds, which can have important implications in illnesses of humans and livestock. Cyanobacteria such as Microcystis, Anabaena, Oscillatoria, Phormidium, and Aphanizomenon species producing microcystins and anatoxin-a have been predominantly documented from most South Korean lakes and reservoirs. With the increase in frequency of such blooms, various monitoring approaches, treatment processes, and prediction models have been developed in due course. In this paper we review the field studies and current knowledge on toxin producing cyanobacterial species and ecological variables that regulate toxin production and bloom formation in major rivers (Han, Geum, Nakdong, and Yeongsan) and reservoirs in South Korea. In addition, development of new, fast, and high-throughput techniques for effective monitoring is also discussed with cyanobacterial bloom advisory practices, current management strategies, and their implications in South Korean freshwater bodies.