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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 596451, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/596451
Review Article

The Role of Focused Echocardiography in Pediatric Intensive Care: A Critical Appraisal

1Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Albert Einstein Hospital, Rua do Carreiro de Pedra 111, Apartamento 152 C, 04728-020 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Echocardiography Department, Albert Einstein Hospital, Rua Pintassilgo 458, Apartamento 53, 04514-032 São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 23 June 2015; Revised 15 September 2015; Accepted 18 October 2015

Academic Editor: Xavier Monnet

Copyright © 2015 Heloisa Amaral Gaspar and Samira Saady Morhy. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Echocardiography is a key tool for hemodynamic assessment in Intensive Care Units (ICU). Focused echocardiography performed by nonspecialist physicians has a limited scope, and the most relevant parameters assessed by focused echocardiography in Pediatric ICU are left ventricular systolic function, fluid responsiveness, cardiac tamponade and pulmonary hypertension. Proper ability building of pediatric emergency care physicians and intensivists to perform focused echocardiography is feasible and provides improved care of severely ill children and thus should be encouraged.