BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Quadruple Burden of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Chronic Intestinal Parasitoses, and Multiple Micronutrient Deficiency in Ethiopia: A Summary of Available Findings

Table 1

Selected micronutrient levels in serum of blood donors (apparently healthy controls), pregnant women, and tuberculosis patients by HIV serostatus in Ethiopia.

Trace elementsControls (blood donors) [1620]Pregnant women [20]Tuberculosis patients [16, 17]Diarrheic patients [18, 19, 21]
HIV− 
()
HIV+ 
()
HIV− 
()
HIV+ 
()
HIV− 
()
HIV+ 
()
HIV− 
()
HIV+ 
()

Mg (mg/dl)2.85 ± 0.61*2.43 ± 0.822.14 ± 0.861.76 ± 0.341.68 ± 0.26
Ca (mg/dl)14.41 ± 3.6111.11 ± 1.4614.39 ± 4.6913.41 ± 5.228.38 ± 1.977.82 ± 1.23
Fe (g/dl)480.9 ± 449.0288.3 ± 194.8561.97 ± 415.23485.86 ± 275.23280.82 ± 314.31265.99 ± 369.91352.06 ± 351.23420.82 ± 665.14
Cu (g/dl)140.3 ± 47.95166.2 ± 45.4240.19 ± 73.55239.59 ± 81.47188.19 ± 58.65176.59 ± 63.19113.51 ± 38.28126.83 ± 34.91
Zn (g/dl)88.1 ± 4.0277.2 ± 25.375.19 ± 44.7976.30 ± 125.4381.14 ± 14.1673.65 ± 37.6662.39 ± 43.6468.13 ± 44.53
Se (g/dl)9.6 ± 4.3710.2 ± 4.510.49 ± 4.248.0 ± 4.718.86 ± 3.937.55 ± 2.636.99 ± 4.265.90 ± 2.79
Vitamin A (g/dl)42.83 ± 20.37 25.83 ± 14.28 31.57 ± 12.79 27.56 ± 12.01 21.57 ± 13.81 19.98 ± 13.28 24.18 ± 15.68 23.57 ± 16.77 

Mean ± standard deviation.
Trace elements were measured by ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy) and vitamin A was measured by HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography).

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