BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Kinematics of Rotation in Joints of the Lower Limbs and Pelvis during Gait: Early Results—SB ACLR Approach versus DB ACLR Approach

Table 3

Intragroup evaluation and intergroup comparison of examined variables in the knee joint.

Knee joint
Internal (+) and external (−) rotation during gait cycle (degrees)
Gait phasesStudied groupInvolved/right legUninvolved/left leg
SDSD

KHSSB ACLR−21.858.80−20.418.130.646
DB ACLR−15.388.52−17.929.650.426
Control−13.793.38−13.775.560.985
0.0240.114

K1SB ACLR−15.579.92−13.817.400.508
DB ACLR−9.128.46−10.2010.450.404
Control−4.833.46−4.616.480.889
0.0050.029

K2SB ACLR−16.7111.16−16.567.190.973
DB ACLR−11.948.35−13.189.560.697
Control−10.243.50−11.066.040.666
0.1350.230

KTOSB ACLR−14.969.20−13.648.280.732
DB ACLR−6.578.93−8.298.730.618
Control−3.433.48−2.315.670.455
0.0020.003

K3SB ACLR−14.508.35−11.9511.300.564
DB ACLR−4.758.60−6.9211.780.550
Control−2.315.38−4.7310.100.272
0.0010.284

K4SB ACLR−22.928.30−19.887.420.484
DB ACLR−16.1511.37−17.589.820.701
Control−12.433.11−12.656.620.892
0.0120.081

ACLR: anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; SB ACLR: group after single-bundle ACLR; DB ACLR: group after double-bundle ACLR; control: control group; : arithmetic mean; SD: standard deviation; KHS: the first contact between the foot and the ground; K1: maximal knee flexion at the beginning of stance phase; K2: the biggest extension of the knee during a single stance; KTO: detaching the toes at the end of stance phase; K3: maximal knee flexion during swing phase; K4: maximal extension of the knee joint in the preparatory phase before stance phase; : significance level (one-way Anova); : significance level (parametric -test for dependent samples). Values in bold are statistically significant.
Presented values obtained in the SB and DB ACLR groups refer to involved leg while values obtained in the control group refer to the right leg.

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