BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 7

Research Article

Kinematics of Rotation in Joints of the Lower Limbs and Pelvis during Gait: Early Results—SB ACLR Approach versus DB ACLR Approach

Table 7

Intragroup evaluation and intergroup comparison of examined variables in the pelvis.

Pelvis
Internal (+) and external (−) rotation during gait cycle (degrees)
Gait phasesStudied groupInvolved/right legUninvolved/left leg
SDSD

KHSSB ACLR3.382.444.692.950.333
DB ACLR5.425.484.403.550.628
Control5.113.826.113.570.544
0.4790.381

K1SB ACLR2.571.813.552.310.366
DB ACLR4.424.383.354.150.551
Control3.523.074.933.200.310
0.4300.413

K2SB ACLR−0.522.44−1.393.090.553
DB ACLR−0.582.93−3.375.430.167
Control−2.273.66−1.482.760.549
0.2680.372

KTOSB ACLR−3.192.54−3.463.160.594
DB ACLR−3.253.86−5.404.850.321
Control−5.573.27−5.202.760.764
0.1190.410

K3SB ACLR−2.962.65−3.972.850.546
DB ACLR−2.724.31−5.073.260.247
Control−4.792.89−4.592.350.864
0.2250.654

K4SB ACLR3.983.653.043.180.564
DB ACLR5.995.653.183.680.213
Control5.223.485.814.340.254
0.5550.240

ACLR: anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; SB ACLR: group after single-bundle ACLR; DB ACLR: group after double-bundle ACLR; control: control group; : arithmetic mean; SD: standard deviation; KHS: the first contact between the foot and the ground; K1: maximal knee flexion at the beginning of stance phase; K2: the biggest extension of the knee during a single stance; KTO: detaching the toes at the end of stance phase; K3: maximal knee flexion during swing phase; K4: maximal extension of the knee joint in the preparatory phase before stance phase; : significance level (one-way Anova); : significance level (parametric -test for dependent samples).
Presented values obtained in the SB and DB ACLR groups refer to involved leg while values obtained in the control group refer to the right leg.

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