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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 730538, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/730538
Research Article

Morphometric Evaluation of Korean Femurs by Geometric Computation: Comparisons of the Sex and the Population

Department of Anatomy, Catholic Institute for Applied Anatomy, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-Daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-701, Republic of Korea

Received 26 February 2015; Revised 14 May 2015; Accepted 21 May 2015

Academic Editor: Gulsum Ozyigit

Copyright © 2015 Ho-Jung Cho et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We measured 28 parameters of 202 femurs from Koreans by an automated geometric computation program using 3D models generated from computed tomography images. The measurement parameters were selected with reference to physical and forensic anthropology studies as well as orthopedic implant design studies. All measurements were calculated using 3D reconstructions on a computer using scientific computation language. We also analyzed sex and population differences by comparison with data from previous studies. Most parameters were larger in males than in females. The height, head diameter, head center offset, and chord length of the diaphysis, most parameters in the distal femur, and the isthmic width of the medullary canal were smaller in Koreans than in other populations. However, the neck-shaft angle, subtense, and width of the intercondylar notch in the distal femur were larger than those in other populations. The results of this study will be useful as a reference for physical and forensic anthropology as well as the design of medical devices suitable for Koreans.