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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 831504, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/831504
Research Article

Influence of Simvastatin-Loaded Implants on Osseointegration in an Ovariectomized Animal Model

1School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Yan’an Road, Hangzhou 310000, China
2Department of Implantology, Stomatology Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Yan’an Road, Hangzhou 310000, China
3Department of Prosthodontics, Stomatology Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Yan’an Road, Hangzhou 310000, China

Received 30 January 2015; Accepted 11 March 2015

Academic Editor: Goutam Ghosh Choudhury

Copyright © 2015 Wen Fang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The success of bone implants in the presence of osteoporosis is limited by lack of osseointegration between the implant and the natural bone. This study applied an electrochemical process to deposit simvastatin-nanohydroxyapatite (HA) coatings on porous implant surfaces and investigated the effects of these simvastatin-HA coatings on implant surfaces in an animal model of osteoporosis. In this study, simvastatin-HA coated implants were inserted into the tibia of osteoporotic rats. After 2, 4, and 12 weeks, tissue was retrieved for histomorphometric evaluation. The results indicated that the simvastatin-HA coatings increased bone-implant contact and new bone formation around implant surfaces. In conclusion, implants loaded with simvastatin by an electrochemical process improved implant osseointegration in osteoporotic rats. Furthermore, the increased concentration of simvastatin could affect the osseointegration, but the dose-effects also need further investigation.