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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 869895, 10 pages
Research Article

Scenarios Approach to the Electromagnetic Exposure: The Case Study of a Train Compartment

1Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications, Sapienza University of Rome, 00184 Rome, Italy
2Italian Inter-University Center of Electromagnetic Fields and Biosystems (ICEmB), 16145 Genoa, Italy
3UT-BIORAD, ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, 00123 Roma, Italy

Received 12 September 2014; Accepted 12 December 2014

Academic Editor: Victoria Ramos

Copyright © 2015 A. Paffi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Previous studies identified the train compartment as the place where people can experience the highest exposure levels (still below the international guideline limits) to electromagnetic fields in the radiofrequency range. Here a possible scenario of a train compartment has been reproduced and characterized, both numerically and experimentally. A good agreement between the simulated electric field distributions and measurements has been found. Results indicate that the higher values of exposure in specific positions inside the train compartment depend on the number of active cell phones, the bad coverage condition, the cell orientation, and the presence of metallic walls. This study shows that the proposed approach, based on the scenarios characterization, may efficiently support the assessment of the individual electromagnetic exposure.