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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 873519, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/873519
Research Article

Effects of Low-Protein Diets Supplemented with Ketoacid on Expression of TGF-β and Its Receptors in Diabetic Rats

1Department of Nephrology, Hangzhou First People’s Hospital, Zhejiang 310006, China
2Department of Nephrology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University and the Kidney Institute of CPLA, Shanghai 200003, China
3Department of Osteology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003, China

Received 10 October 2015; Accepted 26 November 2015

Academic Editor: Goutam Ghosh Choudhury

Copyright © 2015 Xiu Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

TGF-β1 has been recognized as a key mediator in DN. This study aimed to observe the effects of low-protein diets supplemented with ketoacid on mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β and TβRI and t TβRII receptors in the renal tissue of diabetic rats. A diabetes model was established in 72 male SD rats. They were then equally randomized to three groups: NPD group, LPD group, and LPD + KA group. Additional 24 male SD rats receiving normal protein diets were used as the control. Eight rats from each group were sacrificed at weeks 4, 8, and 12 after treatment, from which SCr, BUN, serum albumin, and 24 h urinary protein excretion were collected. The expressions of TGF-β1, TβRI, and TβRII in LPD and LPD + KA groups were significantly lower than those in NPD group and lower in LPD + KA group than those in LPD group. Low-protein diets supplemented with ketoacid have been demonstrated to provide a protective effect on the renal function as represented by reduced SCr, BUN, and urinary protein excretion, probably through downregulating the gene expression of TGF-β1 and its receptors in LPD + KA group.