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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 954901, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/954901
Review Article

From Cerebellar Activation and Connectivity to Cognition: A Review of the Quadrato Motor Training

1The Leslie and Susan Gonda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
2Research Institute for Neuroscience, Education and Didactics, Patrizio Paoletti Foundation, Rome, Italy
3Department of Criminology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
4Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
5Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy

Received 13 February 2015; Accepted 6 May 2015

Academic Editor: Ni Shu

Copyright © 2015 Tal Dotan Ben-Soussan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The importance of the cerebellum is increasingly recognized, not only in motor control but also in cognitive learning and function. Nevertheless, the relationship between training-induced cerebellar activation and electrophysiological and structural changes in humans has yet to be established. In the current paper, we suggest a general model tying cerebellar function to cognitive improvement, via neuronal synchronization, as well as biochemical and anatomical changes. We then suggest that sensorimotor training provides an optimal paradigm to test the proposed model and review supporting evidence of Quadrato Motor Training (QMT), a sensorimotor training aimed at increasing attention and coordination. Subsequently, we discuss the possible mechanisms through which QMT may exert its beneficial effects on cognition (e.g., increased creativity, reflectivity, and reading), focusing on cerebellar alpha activity as a possible mediating mechanism allowing cognitive improvement, molecular and anatomical changes. Using the example of QMT research, this paper emphasizes the importance of investigating whole-body sensorimotor training paradigms utilizing a multidisciplinary approach and its implications to healthy brain development.