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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 1248396, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1248396
Research Article

Evaluation of Stress Intensity and Anxiety Level in Preoperative Period of Cardiac Patients

1Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń and Ross-Medica, 85-830 Bydgoszcz, Poland
2Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 85-830 Bydgoszcz, Poland
3Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 85-089 Bydgoszcz, Poland
4Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland

Received 9 December 2015; Revised 1 February 2016; Accepted 11 February 2016

Academic Editor: Francesco Perticone

Copyright © 2016 Anna Rosiek et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. The stress related to patient’s stay in a hospital increases when it is necessary to perform a surgery. Therefore, the study of the phenomenon of stress intensity in hospitalized patients has become an important issue for public health. Material and Method. The study was conducted in University Hospital No. 1 in the cardiosurgery clinic. The study involved 58 patients who were admitted as planned to the hospital. The study used a standardized questionnaire measuring intensity of the stress and also deepened interviews with patients about stress and anxiety felt before the surgery. Results. The greater the patient’s anxiety resulting from his state of health, the greater the intensity of stress in the preoperative period. This relationship is linear. The results of the study also made it possible to see intrapersonal factors (pain, illness, and suffering) and extrapersonal factors (anesthesia, surgery, and complications after surgery), which are causes of anxiety before surgery. Conclusion. The research showed high (negative) results of anxiety and stress associated with the disease, surgery, and complications after cardiac surgery. Active involvement in hospitalization elements, such as patient education before surgery, psychological support, and medical care organization taking into account patient’s preferences, reduces the impact of stressors.