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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 1460892, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1460892
Research Article

Myokines in Response to a Tournament Season among Young Tennis Players

1Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
2Faculty of Physical Culture, University School of Physical Education Poznan, Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland
3Department of Physiology, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
4Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland
5Department of Biomechanics, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
6Department of Bioenergetics and Physiology of Exercise, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland

Received 6 May 2016; Revised 23 July 2016; Accepted 2 August 2016

Academic Editor: David Bellar

Copyright © 2016 K. Witek et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The study investigated changes in myokines, heat shock proteins, and growth factors in highly ranked, young, male tennis players in response to physical workload during the competitive season and their potential correlations with match scores. Blood collections were carried out at the beginning, the midpoint, and the end of the tournament season. Data analysis revealed a significant increase in interleukin 6 and its inverse correlation with the number of lost games (; 90% CI −0.06 to 0.77). Neither the irisin nor BDNF level changed notably, yet delta changes of irisin across the season significantly correlated with the number of games won. The concentration of HSP27 recorded a small increase (31.2%; 90% CI 10.7 to 55.5, most likely). A negative correlation was noted between IGF-1 and HSP27 concentration at baseline (−0.70 very high; 90% CI −0.89 to −0.31, very likely). At the end of the season IGF-1 correlated positively with the number of games won ( moderate, 90% CI −0.16 to 0.73, likely) but negatively with the number of games lost (, 90% CI −0.14 to −0.74, likely). In conclusion our data indicated that Il-6, irisin, and growth factor IGF-1 may modify overall performance during a long lasting season, expressed in the amount of games won or lost.