BioMed Research International / 2016 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Plant Responses to High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields

Figure 1

Electromagnetic wave and experimental set-up. (a) Schematic representation of an electromagnetic plane wave showing the transverse and space varying electric () and magnetic field (). The wavelength () is the distance between two crests. DOP: direction of propagation. (b) A TEM cell (transverse electromagnetic cell). (c) A GTEM cell (gigahertz transverse electromagnetic cell). (d) MSRC (mode stirred reverberation chamber). Note the double-sided metallic walls, the emitting antenna, the rotating stirrer, and the specialized culture chamber that stands in the “working volume” where the electromagnetic field characteristics have been extensively characterized.

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