BioMed Research International / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Height and Risk of Hip Fracture: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies

Table 2

Summary of the results on association between height and risk of hip fracture.

VariablesNumber of studiesRR (95% CI)%

Overall71.65 (1.26, 2.16)76.20.000
Location
 US41.69 (1.27, 2.24)50.30.110
 Europe31.72 (0.83, 3.58)78.50.000
Follow-up years
 <1031.37 (1.11, 1.69)0.00.543
 ≧1041.88 (1.15, 3.07)86.50.000
Sex
 Female51.60 (1.18, 2.16)78.80.000
 Male41.42 (1.00, 2.02)50.90.106
 Both sex11.59 (0.60, 4.22)NANA
Number of participants
 <5000041.47 (1.22, 1.76)0.00.402
 ≧5000031.96 (0.96, 4.01)88.00.000
Number of cases
 <40052.07 (1.62, 2.64)0.00.569
 ≧40021.16 (1.04, 1.29)23.60.252
Study quality
 Moderate21.69 (0.93, 3.06)77.90.034
 High51.71 (1.14, 2.56)76.90.000
Adjustment for confounders
 Number of confounders
  <431.39 (1.01, 1.91)80.00.007
  ≧441.94 (1.49, 2.51)0.00.812
 Alcohol
  Yes31.97 (1.50, 2.57)0.00.675
  No41.39 (1.04, 1.86)71.10.016
 Smoking
  Yes32.06 (1.43, 2.96)0.00.690
  No41.49 (1.11, 2.01)80.70.001
 Weight
  Yes21.83 (1.33, 2.50)0.00.976
  No51.58 (1.15, 2.17)77.70.001

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