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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 3180954, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3180954
Review Article

The Potential Role of Graphene in Developing the Next Generation of Endomaterials

1First Department of Surgery, Vascular Unit, Laiko General Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
2Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA
3Vascular Unit, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK

Received 12 June 2016; Accepted 24 October 2016

Academic Editor: Jinsong Ren

Copyright © 2016 Nikolaos Patelis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Graphene is the first 2-dimensional material and possesses a plethora of original properties. Graphene and its derivatives have exhibited a great potential in a number of fields, both medical and nonmedical. The aim of this review is to set the theoretical basis for further research in developing graphene-based endovascular materials. An extensive search was performed in medical and bioengineering literature. Published data on other carbon materials, as well as limited data from medical use of graphene, are promising. Graphene is a promising future material for developing novel endovascular materials. Certain issues as biocompatibility, biotoxicity, and biostability should be explored further.