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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4027437, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4027437
Research Article

DHA and EPA Content and Fatty Acid Profile of 39 Food Fishes from India

1ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore, Kolkata 700120, India
2ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Cochin 682029, India
3ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin 682018, India
4ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar 751002, India
5ICAR-Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research, Bhimtal, Uttarakhand 263136, India
6ICAR-Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture, Chennai 600028, India
7ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai 400061, India

Received 16 March 2016; Revised 12 June 2016; Accepted 22 June 2016

Academic Editor: Chia-Chien Hsieh

Copyright © 2016 Bimal Prasanna Mohanty et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is the principal constituent of a variety of cells especially the brain neurons and retinal cells and plays important role in fetal brain development, development of motor skills, and visual acuity in infants, lipid metabolism, and cognitive support and along with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) it plays important role in preventing atherosclerosis, dementia, rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease, and so forth. Being an essential nutrient, it is to be obtained through diet and therefore searching for affordable sources of these ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is important for consumer guidance and dietary counseling. Fish is an important source of PUFA and has unique advantage that there are many food fish species available and consumers have a wide choice owing to availability and affordability. The Indian subcontinent harbors a rich fish biodiversity which markedly varies in their nutrient composition. Here we report the DHA and EPA content and fatty acid profile of 39 important food fishes (including finfishes, shellfishes, and edible molluscs from both marine water and freshwater) from India. The study showed that fishes Tenualosa ilisha, Sardinella longiceps, Nemipterus japonicus, and Anabas testudineus are rich sources of DHA and EPA. Promotion of these species as DHA rich species would enhance their utility in public health nutrition.