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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4045329, 7 pages
Research Article

The Management of Patients after Surgical Treatment of Maxillofacial Tumors

1Department of Prosthodontics, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
2Clinic of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial and Oral Surgery and Implantology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
3Department of Family Medicine, Internal and Metabolic Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw and Systemic Vasculitis Outpatient Clinic, Czerniakowski Hospital, Warsaw, Poland

Received 25 February 2016; Accepted 10 August 2016

Academic Editor: Moustafa N. Aboushelib

Copyright © 2016 D. Rolski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Morphological and functional disturbances induced by postsurgical defects and loss of tissues in the stomatognathic system due to the treatment of tumors in the maxillofacial region determine the therapeutic needs of patients. The study aimed at clinical and epidemiological evaluation of patients under prosthetic treatment in order to establish the algorithm for rehabilitation. The study group was composed of the patients after midface surgery (45.74%); surgery in a lower part of the face (47.38%); mixed postoperative losses (3.44%); loss of face tissues and surgery in other locations in the head and neck region (3.44%). The supplementary treatment was applied in 69.63% of patients. Clinical and additional examinations were performed to obtain the picture of postoperative loss, its magnitude, and location to plan the strategy of prosthetic rehabilitation. The management algorithm for prosthetic rehabilitation in patients after surgical treatment of maxillofacial neoplasms was based on its division in stages. The location and magnitude of postoperative losses, as well as the implementation of supplementary treatment of the patients after treatment of maxillofacial tumors, influence the planning of prosthetic rehabilitation that plays a key role and facilitates the patients’ return to their prior living situation, occupational and family lives.