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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 4182071, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4182071
Review Article

Decipher the Molecular Response of Plant Single Cell Types to Environmental Stresses

Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, University of Oklahoma, 770 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, OK 73019, USA

Received 27 November 2015; Revised 18 February 2016; Accepted 28 February 2016

Academic Editor: Luis Fernando Revers

Copyright © 2016 Mehrnoush Nourbakhsh-Rey and Marc Libault. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The analysis of the molecular response of entire plants or organs to environmental stresses suffers from the cellular complexity of the samples used. Specifically, this cellular complexity masks cell-specific responses to environmental stresses and logically leads to the dilution of the molecular changes occurring in each cell type composing the tissue/organ/plant in response to the stress. Therefore, to generate a more accurate picture of these responses, scientists are focusing on plant single cell type approaches. Several cell types are now considered as models such as the pollen, the trichomes, the cotton fiber, various root cell types including the root hair cell, and the guard cell of stomata. Among them, several have been used to characterize plant response to abiotic and biotic stresses. In this review, we are describing the various -omic studies performed on these different plant single cell type models to better understand plant cell response to biotic and abiotic stresses.