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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 4567146, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4567146
Research Article

A Comparison of Conventional Collagen Sponge and Collagen-Gelatin Sponge in Wound Healing

1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-machi, Syougoin, Sakyou-ku, Kyoto City, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan
2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shin-machi, Hirakata City, Osaka 573-1010, Japan
3GUNZE Ltd. QOL Research Center Laboratory, 1 Ishiburo, Inokura Shinmachi, Ayabe, Kyoto 623-8512, Japan

Received 5 January 2016; Revised 23 February 2016; Accepted 3 March 2016

Academic Editor: Francesco Piraino

Copyright © 2016 Chizuru Jinno et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the collagen-gelatin sponge (CGS) with that of the collagen sponge (CS) in dermis-like tissue regeneration. CGS, which achieves the sustained release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), is a promising material in wound healing. In the present study, we evaluated and compared CGSs and conventional CSs. We prepared 8 mm full-thickness skin defects on the backs of rats. Either CGSs or CSs were impregnated with normal saline solution (NSS) or 7 μg/cm2 of bFGF solution and implanted into the defects. At 1 and 2 weeks after implantation, tissue specimens were obtained from the rats of each group (, total ). The wound area, neoepithelial length, dermis-like tissue area, and the number and area of capillaries were evaluated at 1 and 2 weeks after implantation. There were no significant differences in the CGS without bFGF and CS groups. Significant improvements were observed in the neoepithelial length, the dermis-like tissue area, and the number of newly formed capillaries in the group of rats that received CGSs impregnated with bFGF. The effects on epithelialization, granulation, and vascularization of wound healing demonstrated that, as a scaffold, CGSs are equal or superior to conventional CSs.