Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 4894653, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4894653
Research Article

Effect of High-Irradiance Light-Curing on Micromechanical Properties of Resin Cements

Department of Preventive, Restorative, and Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse 7, 3010 Bern, Switzerland

Received 19 September 2016; Revised 11 November 2016; Accepted 17 November 2016

Academic Editor: Hwa-Liang Leo

Copyright © 2016 Anne Peutzfeldt et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. U. Yap and C. Seneviratne, “Influence of light energy density on effectiveness of composite cure,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 460–466, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. H. Halvorson, R. L. Erickson, and C. L. Davidson, “Energy dependent polymerization of resin-based composite,” Dental Materials, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 463–469, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Peutzfeldt and E. Asmussen, “Resin composite properties and energy density of light cure,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 84, no. 7, pp. 659–662, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. R. Benetti, E. Asmussen, E. C. Munksgaard et al., “Softening and elution of monomers in ethanol,” Dental Materials, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1007–1013, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Dewaele, E. Asmussen, A. Peutzfeldt et al., “Influence of curing protocol on selected properties of light-curing polymers: degree of conversion, volume contraction, elastic modulus, and glass transition temperature,” Dental Materials, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1576–1584, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. G. Leprince, M. Hadis, A. C. Shortall et al., “Photoinitiator type and applicability of exposure reciprocity law in filled and unfilled photoactive resins,” Dental Materials, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 157–164, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. C. Shortall, W. El-Mahy, D. Stewardson, O. Addison, and W. Palin, “Initial fracture resistance and curing temperature rise of ten contemporary resin-based composites with increasing radiant exposure,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 455–463, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F. A. Rueggeberg, “State-of-the-art: dental photocuring—a review,” Dental Materials, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 39–52, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. D. Jandt and R. W. Mills, “A brief history of LED photopolymerization,” Dental Materials, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 605–617, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Flury, A. Lussi, R. Hickel, and N. Ilie, “Light curing through glass ceramics with a second- and a third-generation LED curing unit: effect of curing mode on the degree of conversion of dual-curing resin cements,” Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 2127–2137, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. Kawai, Y. Iwami, and S. Ebisu, “Effect of resin monomer composition on toothbrush wear resistance,” Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 264–268, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. L. Yan, Y. K. Kim, K.-H. Kim, and T.-Y. Kwon, “Changes in degree of conversion and microhardness of dental resin cements,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 203–210, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. C. Watts, “Reaction kinetics and mechanics in photo-polymerised networks,” Dental Materials, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 27–35, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. R. Bouschlicher, F. A. Rueggeberg, and B. M. Wilson, “Correlation of bottom-to-top surface microhardness and conversion ratios for a variety of resin composite compositions,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 698–704, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. EN ISO 14577-1, “Metallic materials-instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials parameters,” Part 1: test method, 2002.
  16. N. Ilie and A. Simon, “Effect of curing mode on the micro-mechanical properties of dual-cured self-adhesive resin cements,” Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 505–512, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Flury, A. Lussi, R. Hickel, and N. Ilie, “Light curing through glass ceramics: effect of curing mode on micromechanical properties of dual-curing resin cements,” Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 809–818, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. J. Higgins, Introduction to Modern Nonparametric Statistics, Duxbury Press, Pacific Grove, Calif, USA, 2004.
  19. E. Piva, L. Correr-Sobrinho, M. A. C. Sinhoreti, S. Consani, F. F. Demarco, and J. M. Powers, “Influence of energy density of different light sources on Knoop hardness of a dual-cured resin cement,” Journal of Applied Oral Science, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 189–193, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Watanabe, R. Kazama, T. Asai et al., “Efficiency of dual-cured resin cement polymerization induced by high-intensity led curing units through ceramic material,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 153–162, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. S. G. Pereira, R. Fulgêncio, T. G. Nunes, M. Toledano, R. Osorio, and R. M. Carvalho, “Effect of curing protocol on the polymerization of dual-cured resin cements,” Dental Materials, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 710–718, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. d. Mainardi, M. C. Giorgi, D. A. Lima et al., “Effect of energy density and delay time on the degree of conversion and Knoop microhardness of a dual resin cement,” Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 53–58, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. P. C. P. Komori, A. B. Paula, A. A. Martin, R. N. Tango, M. A. C. Sinhoreti, and L. Correr-Sobrinho, “Effect of light energy density on conversion degree and hardness of dual-cured resin cement,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 120–124, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. Takubo, G. Yasuda, R. Murayama et al., “Influence of power density and primer application on polymerization of dual-cured resin cements monitored by ultrasonic measurement,” European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 118, no. 4, pp. 417–422, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Emami and K.-J. M. Söderholm, “How light irradiance and curing time affect monomer conversion in light-cured resin composites,” European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 536–542, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. Nomoto, K. Uchida, and T. Hirasawa, “Effect of light intensity on polymerization of light-cured composite resins,” Dental Materials Journal, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 198–205, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. B. T. Price, C. A. Felix, and P. Andreou, “Effects of resin composite composition and irradiation distance on the performance of curing lights,” Biomaterials, vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 4465–4477, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. N. Emami, K.-J. M. Söderholm, and L. A. Berglund, “Effect of light power density variations on bulk curing properties of dental composites,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 189–196, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. L. Sakaguchi and J. L. Ferracane, “Effect of light power density on development of elastic modulus of a model light-activated composite during polymerization,” Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 121–130, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. L. Musanje and B. W. Darvell, “Polymerization of resin composite restorative materials: exposure reciprocity,” Dental Materials, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 531–541, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. L. Feng and B. I. Suh, “Exposure reciprocity law in photopolymerization of multi-functional acrylates and methacrylates,” Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, vol. 208, no. 3, pp. 295–306, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Hadis, J. G. Leprince, A. C. Shortall, J. Devaux, G. Leloup, and W. M. Palin, “High irradiance curing and anomalies of exposure reciprocity law in resin-based materials,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 549–557, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. N. Ilie, A. Kessler, and J. Durner, “Influence of various irradiation processes on the mechanics,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 695–702, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. M. C. C. Giorgi, V. Pistor, R. S. Mauler, D. A. N. L. Lima, G. M. Marchi, and F. H. B. Aguiar, “Influence of light-activation protocol on methacrylate resin-composite evaluated by dynamic mechanical analysis and degree of conversion,” Lasers in Medical Science, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 1219–1223, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. L. Feng, R. Carvalho, and B. I. Suh, “Insufficient cure under the condition of high irradiance and short irradiation time,” Dental Materials, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 283–289, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. D. Selig, T. Haenel, B. Hausnerová et al., “Examining exposure reciprocity in a resin based composite using high irradiance levels and real-time degree of conversion values,” Dental Materials, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 583–593, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. L. S. Gonçalves, R. R. Moraes, F. A. Ogliari, L. Boaro, R. R. Braga, and S. Consani, “Improved polymerization efficiency of methacrylate-based cements containing an iodonium salt,” Dental Materials, vol. 29, no. 12, pp. 1251–1255, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. D. C. Watts, O. M. Amer, and E. C. Combe, “Surface hardness development in light-cured composites,” Dental Materials, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 265–269, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. R. Z. Alshali, N. Silikas, and J. D. Satterthwaite, “Degree of conversion of bulk-fill compared to conventional resin-composites at two time intervals,” Dental Materials, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. e213–e217, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. R. Pilo and H. S. Cardash, “Post-irradiation polymerization of different anterior and posterior visible light-activated resin composites,” Dental Materials, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 299–304, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. A. L. Faria-e-Silva, R. R. Moraes, F. A. Ogliari, E. Piva, and L. R. M. Martins, “Panavia F: the role of the primer,” Journal of Oral Science, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 255–259, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus